Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN | Summary and Q&A

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November 14, 2019
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Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN

TL;DR

Antimatter is the rarest substance in the universe and has the ability to annihilate with regular matter, creating pure light energy.

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Key Insights

  • πŸˆ‚οΈ Antimatter is a substance with the same properties as regular matter but with an opposite charge.
  • πŸ™‚ When antimatter comes into contact with regular matter, it annihilates, releasing pure light energy.
  • πŸ˜ƒ The rarity of antimatter and the abundance of regular matter in the universe is still a big unanswered question in physics.
  • πŸ’₯ Antimatter is created through high-energy collisions and requires sophisticated equipment to be studied.
  • 🧑 Antimatter is incredibly expensive to produce, with estimates ranging from $25 billion per gram for positrons to $3 quadrillion per gram for antiprotons.
  • 🀞 Scientists hope to understand the properties of antimatter and its differences with regular matter through experiments and observations.
  • πŸ«₯ There are several ongoing experiments at CERN, the Large Hadron Collider, studying antimatter, including dropping it, storing it, and comparing its spectral lines to regular matter.

Transcript

  • There's a warehouse in France, right on the Swiss border, where the most expensive material in the world is created. So Wikipedia seems confident, but I'm not so sure we can even call it material because it's not made of regular matter. This stuff is the rarest and potentially the most dangerous on Earth and scientists from around the world are j... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is antimatter and why is it so rare?

Antimatter is a substance with properties similar to regular matter but with an opposite charge. It is rare because it is theorized that equal amounts of antimatter and matter should have been created during the big bang, but we see mostly matter in the universe.

Q: How is antimatter created?

Antimatter is created through high-energy collisions that generate antiprotons. These antiprotons are then directed towards facilities like the Large Hadron Collider for further study.

Q: Why is antimatter so expensive?

Antimatter is expensive to create because it requires specialized equipment and a significant amount of energy. Estimates put the cost of creating antiprotons at around $3 quadrillion per gram.

Q: What are scientists studying about antimatter?

Scientists are studying the properties of antimatter to find any differences between it and regular matter. They are also conducting experiments to see if antimatter reacts similarly when dropped, and studying the spectral lines of antihydrogen to compare them to hydrogen.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Antimatter, the rarest substance on Earth, is created in a specialized facility in Geneva, Switzerland, known as the Large Hadron Collider.

  • Antimatter is dangerous because it annihilates when it comes into contact with regular matter, releasing large amounts of energy.

  • Scientists are studying the properties of antimatter and trying to understand why it is so rare in the universe.

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