Why Technology Still Matters with Marc Andreessen | Summary and Q&A

November 9, 2022
The a16z Podcast
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Why Technology Still Matters with Marc Andreessen


Exploring the significance of technology and who will build the next generation of technologies.

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Key Insights

  • 🪛 Technology is the driving force behind progress and has significantly improved human existence.
  • 👶 Human societies have historically resisted and been skeptical of new technologies before eventually adopting them.
  • 🏍️ The process of technology adoption follows a cycle of ignorance, rational counter-arguments, and acceptance.
  • 👻 Remote work and virtual collaboration have emerged as significant unlocks in society, allowing for new possibilities and redefining the importance of physical location.


hello everyone the a6z podcast is back and this is your new host Seth Smith I'm so excited to explore the world of technology with you through the lens of the builders shaping it and if you've been listening to the Pod for a while I hope you'll stick with me as I take the reins from sonal who by the way is doing really wonderful work at our sister ... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: Why is building the next generation of technologies important?

Building the next generation of technologies is crucial for progress, innovation, and improving various aspects of life, including healthcare, communication, and efficiency.

Q: What is the historical perspective on the importance of technology?

Technology has transformed human existence and improved living conditions by providing tools, leverage, and opportunities that were previously unimaginable.

Q: How do societies react to new technologies?

Societies often resist and initially reject new technologies due to fears of change and threats to the established power structure. This resistance is part of a natural cycle that precedes acceptance.

Q: Can new technologies fail despite significant investment and talented individuals working on them?

Yes, there are cases where even with talented individuals and substantial investment, new technologies may not work out due to technical limitations, market demand, or timing factors.


In this podcast episode, the host Seth Smith interviews Mark Andreessen about the importance of building new technologies and the challenges faced by those who try to bring them to life. They discuss the three stages of human psychology in response to new technologies, the process of regulation, and provide examples such as red flag laws. They also explore the impact of technology on society, the fear of change, and how technology reshapes power and status within a society.

Questions & Answers

Q: Why is building the next generation of technologies important?

Building the next generation of technologies is crucial because it is through technology that we have seen significant improvements in the quality of life. Technology provides leverage to human beings and allows for advancements in various aspects, such as agriculture, transportation, communication, and healthcare. Without continuous innovation and building, humanity would still be living in a state of hardship and limited opportunity.

Q: How do people view the importance of technology today compared to the past?

The discussion around today's technologies often neglects the historical context. People tend to focus on the potential downsides of new technologies or believe that previous generations had better technologies. However, technology has always been the driving force behind progress and improvement in human existence. Life before technology was difficult, with people struggling to meet their basic needs and having limited opportunities for growth and advancement.

Q: How do new technologies typically end up in a process of regulation?

New technologies often face resistance and regulation as they challenge the existing power structures and status quo within society. The introduction of any technology disrupts established industries, systems, and social hierarchies. This disrupts the orderings of society and causes fear among those who benefit from the current systems. As a result, new technologies are met with skepticism, rational counterarguments, and eventually fierce opposition through name-calling and political fights.

Q: Can you provide examples of historical technologies that faced pushback and regulation?

One example is the introduction of outdoor electric lighting. Initially, there was resistance and concerns about the impact it would have on society. People feared that it would lead to increased social activities at night and disrupt the natural order of things. Similarly, the invention of the bicycle faced criticism, particularly involving concerns about the increased freedom and mobility it provided to young unmarried women in towns and villages.

Q: How do people react to technology and its impact on power structures within society?

Technology disrupts existing power dynamics, and it is often met with resistance from those who hold power. The fear of losing one's status, decision-making authority, and control over society leads to pushback against new technologies. This reaction is rooted in a fear of change and an attempt to protect existing power structures. This resistance can be seen throughout history, from the introduction of fire to the current technology revolution.

Q: How has the perception of social networking shifted over time?

Social networking is a technology that has gone through various stages of perception. Initially, it was seen as trivial and harmless, but as it gained prominence, social networking was hailed as a savior of democracy during Obama's reelection and the Arab Spring. However, over time, there has been a shift in perception, with social networking being seen as a fundamental threat to democracy due to concerns about misinformation, manipulation, and its impact on elections.

Q: How has regulation impacted the introduction of technologies like cars in the past?

The example of red flag laws during the advent of cars is a prime example of how regulation can hinder the progress of new technologies. Red flag laws required car owners to have a person walking in front of their car, waving a red flag to warn others about the presence of a car. This legislation sought to mitigate fears about scaring horses and disrupt the existing social order, which relied on horses and carriages. Such regulations were later seen as excessive and eventually phased out as cars became more accepted.

Q: How do you maintain an optimistic view of technology amid the fear and resistance it faces?

While the natural human instinct is to focus on the potential downsides and fear of change, it is essential to recognize the transformative power of technology. Understanding the historical impact of technology and its ability to improve lives can help maintain an optimistic perspective. It is also essential to evaluate new technologies based on their potential benefits and societal advancements rather than fixating on the negative aspects. By embracing a growth mindset and acknowledging the potential for positive change, optimism can be sustained.

Q: What qualities or factors do you consider when assessing the potential impact of new technologies?

When evaluating new technologies, it is crucial to examine their potential benefits, advancements, and their ability to address existing problems in society. Assessing the scalability, feasibility, and potential impact of a technology is essential. Additionally, understanding the potential disruptions to power structures and how these changes may affect society as a whole is critical in assessing the potential impact of new technologies.

Q: How can individuals and society at large cultivate a more optimistic view of technology?

Cultivating a more optimistic view of technology requires embracing curiosity and open-mindedness. It is important to recognize that technology has consistently improved lives and provided opportunities for growth and progress. By staying informed about the positive impacts of technology and being willing to adapt and embrace change, individuals and society can foster a more optimistic outlook on the potential benefits of new technologies.

Q: In what other ways can historical patterns and human psychology help us understand the reactions to new technologies?

By studying historical patterns and human psychology in response to new technologies, we can gain valuable insights into the potential trajectory of current technologies. Understanding the three-stage process of ignoring, rational counterarguments, and name-calling can help us anticipate and navigate the challenges faced by new technologies today. Recognizing how society has repeatedly gone through these stages can provide valuable lessons for those trying to build and advocate for new technologies.


New technologies have always faced resistance and regulation due to their potential to disrupt existing power structures and social hierarchies. By understanding historical patterns and human psychology in response to new technologies, we can gain insights into the challenges and reactions faced by current technologies. Maintaining an optimistic view of technology requires recognizing its transformative power and focusing on the potential benefits and advancements it offers. Cultivating curiosity, open-mindedness, and staying informed can contribute to a more positive outlook on new technologies.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Technology is essential for human progress and has brought significant improvements to our lives.

  • Human existence drastically improved with the introduction of technology, which allowed for innovation, efficiency, and better living conditions.

  • The three-step process of technological adoption includes ignorance, rational counter-arguments, and eventual acceptance.

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