Why 90% of Students Never IMPROVE | Study Clinic | Summary and Q&A

May 5, 2020
Justin Sung
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Why 90% of Students Never IMPROVE | Study Clinic


The focus should be on internal learning processes rather than external dependencies such as note-taking and studying, in order to maximize learning efficiency.

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Key Insights

  • ❓ External dependency in learning can hinder actual learning and should be replaced with an internal focus.
  • 🎚️ Different levels of learning exist, with logical understanding at a higher level than memorization.
  • ⌛ Memorization can be useful for rote-learned knowledge, but logical understanding can be retained for a longer time.
  • 🏛️ Learning should be approached with a focus on building logic and understanding, rather than just studying techniques.
  • 😷 By asking questions, applying information, and connecting it to existing knowledge, learning can be accelerated.
  • 💁 The goal should be to make learning similar to understanding a hobby, where information is processed and retained effortlessly.
  • 🤔 Calibration of learning processes helps determine the most effective thinking and questioning approaches to build logic quickly.
  • 🫦 Memorization should be minimized, and rote learning can be applied to the remaining bits of information.


the low-risk approach is that you slowly remove your external dependency of learning now external dependency of learning means that you rely on the act of note-taking the act of studying the act of reading and that is what you associate with learning and learning is a byproduct of the process so your focus is on the act of studying you do things yo... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is the problem with relying on external dependencies in learning?

Relying on external actions such as note-taking and studying creates a closed system and does not prioritize actual learning. It focuses on techniques and processes rather than the goal of learning itself.

Q: How can internal focus lead to more efficient learning?

Internal focus allows for calibration of the actual amount of learning happening, and decisions can be made to increase learning at every step. This approach prioritizes understanding and logical thinking over memorization.

Q: What is the difference between memorization and logical understanding in learning?

Memorization involves anchoring in and forcing relevance on pieces of information, tricking the brain into thinking they are necessary to hold onto. Logical understanding, on the other hand, allows for the application and use of information in various contexts.

Q: How can logical understanding be achieved more efficiently in learning?

By asking questions, applying information, and connecting it to what is already known, logical understanding can be built rapidly. This approach minimizes the need for memorization and focuses on building a solid logical foundation.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • External dependency in learning refers to relying on external actions such as note-taking, studying, and reading, rather than an internal focus on actual learning.

  • Internal focus means being calibrated to the amount of learning happening, making decisions to increase learning at every step, rather than just focusing on studying techniques.

  • Memorization is a different type of learning compared to logical understanding, and the goal should be to achieve a higher level of learning where information can be used and applied in different contexts.

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