What is Resource Levelling? And how does it differ from Resource Smoothing? | Summary and Q&A

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April 11, 2019
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Online PM Courses - Mike Clayton
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What is Resource Levelling? And how does it differ from Resource Smoothing?

TL;DR

Resource leveling is the process of resolving resource conflicts in a project by allocating work fairly and efficiently, while resource smoothing focuses on balancing the demand for each individual resource.

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Key Insights

  • 📽️ Resource leveling is crucial for managing resource constraints in projects, preventing over-allocation and maintaining a sustainable workload.
  • ⌛ It involves various techniques such as delaying start times, extending task durations, removing tasks, allocating additional resources, splitting tasks, bringing tasks forward, or assigning alternative resources.
  • 📽️ Resource leveling and resource smoothing can be used simultaneously in real projects, and project management tools often provide automated resource leveling algorithms.
  • 😒 The use of automated or manual resource leveling depends on factors such as the complexity of tasks, the number of resources, and the clarity of task requirements and skill sets.
  • ⌛ Balancing resources and managing time constraints are essential for successful project management.
  • 😤 Over-allocating resources and expecting continuous extra work hours is not recommended for maintaining team productivity and well-being.
  • 💦 Resource leveling ensures fair and efficient allocation of work, avoiding burnout and promoting a healthy work-life balance.

Transcript

in this video I want to answer the question what is resource leveling but how does it differ from resource resource leveling is the process we use to resolve resourcing conflicts when we don't have sufficient resource and we would need to over allocate resources in order to get the work done in the time that an aspect of the project is scheduled of... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is resource leveling and why is it important?

Resource leveling is important in project management as it ensures fair and efficient allocation of work when there is a shortage of resources. It prevents over-allocation and helps maintain a sustainable workload for project team members.

Q: How does resource leveling differ from resource smoothing?

Resource leveling focuses on resolving conflicts around resource allocation, while resource smoothing balances the demand for each resource over time. Resource leveling deals with managing constraints on resources, while resource smoothing manages time constraints on the project.

Q: Why is it not recommended to expect people to work additional hours continuously?

Expecting individuals to work extra hours over a long period of time is not sustainable and can lead to burnout and decreased productivity. It is essential to maintain a healthy work-life balance and ensure fair distribution of work among team members through resource leveling.

Q: When would you use automated algorithmic resource leveling and when would you use manual resource leveling?

Automated algorithmic resource leveling is suitable when there are large numbers of tasks and resources, making it complex to perform manually. Manual resource leveling is more applicable when task requirements and skill sets are not clearly defined or when there are a smaller number of resources involved.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Resource leveling is used to resolve resourcing conflicts when there is insufficient resource availability without over-allocating resources.

  • It involves delaying start times, extending task durations, removing tasks, allocating additional resources, splitting tasks, bringing tasks forward, or assigning alternative resources.

  • Resource smoothing, on the other hand, balances the peaks and troughs in the demand for each individual resource, helping manage time constraints on the project.

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