What is Proportion? | Don't Memorise | Summary and Q&A

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December 17, 2014
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Infinity Learn NEET
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What is Proportion? | Don't Memorise

TL;DR

Proportions involve scaling down or up figures while maintaining the same ratio between their dimensions.

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Key Insights

  • 🥳 The concept of proportionality involves scaling down or up figures while maintaining the same ratio between their dimensions.
  • 🥳 Proportions are represented by equivalent ratios, where the numerator and denominator are reduced or increased proportionally.
  • ⚖️ Proportional figures accurately represent the original object or measurement by consistently scaling down or up all their elements.
  • 🥳 Equivalent ratios in proportionality can be denoted using colons (e.g., 4:3) to indicate that the two ratios are equal.
  • 🎨 Proportions are widely used in various fields, such as art, design, architecture, and engineering, to ensure accurate representations and measurements.
  • 💻 Understanding proportions helps in accurately scaling objects, such as computer screens, to fit into different sizes.
  • 🧑 Proportional sketches or drawings accurately portray the relative dimensions and proportions of the original object or person.

Transcript

concept of proportion is very simple all we need to do is understand a couple of simple examples assume you have a computer screen of the size 40 cm by 30 cm at home and you've been asked to draw that screen in your notebook what do you do then you cannot draw a 40 cm by 30 cm screen in your notebook your notebook would be too small for that so wha... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is the concept of proportionality in mathematics?

Proportionality in mathematics involves scaling down or up figures while maintaining the same ratio between their dimensions. It allows for representing objects or measurements in a smaller or larger form while preserving their relative proportions.

Q: How do you maintain proportions when scaling down a figure?

When scaling down a figure, you reduce both the numerator and denominator of the ratio proportionally. For example, if the original ratio is 40:30, scaling it down by dividing both numbers by 10 gives an equivalent ratio of 4:3.

Q: Can you explain the concept of equivalent ratios in proportionality?

Equivalent ratios in proportionality refer to ratios that have the same value when the numerator and denominator are divided by a common factor. For example, 40:30 and 8:6 are equivalent ratios since both can be simplified to 4:3 by dividing by 10 and 5, respectively.

Q: How can proportions be used to draw a proportional sketch?

To draw a proportional sketch, all the elements of the original figure, such as height, width, and body parts, should be proportionally reduced or increased. This ensures that the sketch accurately represents the original person or object.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Proportions involve scaling down or up figures while maintaining the same ratio between their dimensions.

  • By reducing or increasing the numerator and denominator of a ratio proportionally, equivalent ratios can be achieved.

  • Proportional figures have their elements, such as height and width, reduced or increased in a consistent manner.

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