What is Gender? | Philosophy Tube | Summary and Q&A

465.7K views
April 29, 2016
by
Philosophy Tube
YouTube video player
What is Gender? | Philosophy Tube

TL;DR

Gender is not the same as sex. Judith Butler's gender performative ISM theory suggests that gender is performed through repeated actions and is shaped by social norms and expectations.

Install to Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Transcripts

Key Insights

  • ❓ Gender is not the same as sex and is more complex and diverse.
  • ⚧️ Judith Butler's gender performative ISM theory proposes that gender is performed through repeated actions and shaped by social norms.
  • 🥳 Gender identity is not a matter of choice, but rather taught and enforced from birth.
  • ⚧️ Gender essentialism and social constructivism offer alternate perspectives on the origins of gender.
  • ⚧️ The intrinsic inclination model considers both the influence of social conditioning and innate inclinations in shaping gender identity.
  • ❓ Gender can be influenced by subconscious expectations of one's body and societal norms.
  • 🥺 New social systems may lead to the emergence of diverse gender identities.

Transcript

the first thing you need to know about gender is that it's not the same as sex if you want to go into that distinction marina shut up has a great video on it but the TLDR sex comes from biology although that does not mean that it's a binary or clearly understood and gender is more gender is a state of being a mode of life and what exactly that more... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is gender performative ISM and how does it differ from the common understanding of gender performance?

Gender performative ISM, according to Judith Butler, suggests that gender is not a performance in the way actors perform a role. It is performative in the sense that certain speech acts constitute an identity and shape one's gender.

Q: Can individuals choose their gender identity?

According to Butler, gender identity is not a matter of choice. It is not an expression of a hidden self, but rather the self itself. However, new social systems may allow for the emergence of different gender identities that may be interpreted differently in other contexts.

Q: How does gender essentialism differ from social constructivism in understanding gender?

Gender essentialism posits that gender is primarily explained by biology, while social constructivism argues that gender is socially constructed. Butler's gender performative ISM aligns with social constructivism, emphasizing the influence of social norms and expectations on gender identities.

Q: What is the intrinsic inclination model of gender?

The intrinsic inclination model suggests that individuals are intrinsically inclined to certain gendered behaviors. It views gender as a spectrum overlapping with physical sex, with typical cases found in the middle and rare but normal cases representing natural variations within the human species.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Gender and sex are not the same. Gender is a state of being and a mode of life, while sex comes from biology, but is not binary or clearly understood.

  • Judith Butler's gender performative ISM theory states that gender is performed through repeated stylized actions that constitute one's identity.

  • Gender identity is not constructed by individuals, but rather taught and enforced from birth, based on assigned identities.

Share This Summary 📚

Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Video Transcripts with 1-Click

Download browser extensions on:

Explore More Summaries from Philosophy Tube 📚

Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Video Transcripts with 1-Click

Download browser extensions on: