What is Gel Electrophoresis | Don't Memorise | Summary and Q&A

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March 27, 2020
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Infinity Learn NEET
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What is Gel Electrophoresis | Don't Memorise

TL;DR

Gel electrophoresis is a technique used to separate DNA molecules based on their sizes using an electrical field and a gel medium.

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Key Insights

  • 🧬 Gel electrophoresis is a technique widely used in recombinant DNA technology.
  • 👥 DNA molecules are negatively charged due to the presence of phosphate groups in their backbone.
  • 👻 Gel electrophoresis allows for the separation of DNA fragments based on their sizes.
  • 😇 Agarose gel obtained from seaweeds is commonly used in gel electrophoresis.
  • 😇 Smaller DNA fragments move faster through the gel pores than larger fragments.
  • 😇 Loading dye is used to track the movement of DNA during gel electrophoresis.
  • ❓ Ethidium bromide solution is used to visualize the separated DNA fragments.

Transcript

this kind of an image is not new to us especially for people who love forensic science but what exactly is this it's an image of the separated DNA fragments on a piece of gel and the process of separating them is called gel electrophoresis doesn't the sound very difficult separating DNA fragments on a piece of gel but actually the process of gel el... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is gel electrophoresis?

Gel electrophoresis is a technique used to separate DNA molecules based on their sizes by using an electrical field and a gel medium.

Q: Why are DNA molecules negatively charged?

DNA molecules are negatively charged due to the presence of phosphate groups in their backbone.

Q: How do DNA fragments get separated during gel electrophoresis?

DNA fragments of different sizes move at different speeds through the pores of the gel. Smaller fragments move faster, while larger fragments lag behind.

Q: How can we visualize the separated DNA fragments?

After gel electrophoresis, the agarose gel is treated with ethidium bromide solution, which binds to the DNA molecules. Under ultraviolet light, bright orange-colored bands are observed, indicating the separated DNA fragments.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Gel electrophoresis is a technique used to separate DNA molecules based on their sizes.

  • DNA molecules are negatively charged due to the presence of phosphate groups in their backbone.

  • DNA fragments of different sizes move at different speeds through the pores of the gel, allowing for their separation.

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