Types of Cells | Don't Memorise | Summary and Q&A

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March 27, 2019
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Infinity Learn NEET
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Types of Cells | Don't Memorise

TL;DR

Plant cells have a cell wall, chloroplasts, and a large central vacuole; animal cells lack a cell wall, chloroplasts, and have numerous small vacuoles. Additionally, cells are classified into prokaryotic (primitive nucleus) and eukaryotic (true nucleus) cells.

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Key Insights

  • ⬛ Plant cells have a cell wall, chloroplasts, and a large central vacuole, while animal cells lack a cell wall, chloroplasts, and have numerous small vacuoles.
  • 🌱 Both plant and animal cells are examples of eukaryotic cells.
  • 🖤 Prokaryotic cells lack a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelles, while eukaryotic cells have a true nucleus and well-defined membranes.
  • ❓ Cells are broadly classified into prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

Transcript

Here are two cells on your screen. Can you tell me which one is a plant cell and which is an animal cell by merely glancing at them ? Don’t worry ! It’s not that difficult ! Plant and animal cells can be distinguished from each other by merely looking at them. The presence and absence of a few characters are enough to let us know the differences. L... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is the main difference between plant and animal cells?

The presence of a cell wall, chloroplasts, and a large central vacuole in plant cells, while animal cells lack a cell wall, chloroplasts, and have numerous small vacuoles.

Q: How are cells classified?

Cells are classified into prokaryotic (lack nucleus and membrane-bound organelles) and eukaryotic (have a true nucleus and well-defined membranes for organelles) cells.

Q: Can animal cells be considered eukaryotic cells?

Yes, animal cells are considered eukaryotic cells because they have a true nucleus and well-defined membranes for organelles.

Q: What are the main characteristics of prokaryotic cells?

Prokaryotic cells lack a proper, well-defined nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. They have a nucleoid for genetic material and organelles without well-defined membranes.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Plant and animal cells can be distinguished by the presence of a cell wall, chloroplasts (in plant cells), and the size and location of vacuoles.

  • Prokaryotic cells lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles, while eukaryotic cells have a true nucleus and well-defined membranes for organelles.

  • Cells are broadly classified into prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

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