Timothy Snyder: The Making of Modern Ukraine. Class16. Colonization, Extermination, Ethnic Cleansing | Summary and Q&A

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November 4, 2022
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Timothy Snyder: The Making of Modern Ukraine. Class16. Colonization, Extermination, Ethnic Cleansing

TL;DR

Germany's role in Ukrainian history was largely negative, with its influence growing in the 20th century. The German invasion as part of Operation Barbarossa and the subsequent policies of the Nazis, including the Holocaust, had a profound impact on Ukraine.

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Key Insights

  • 🇩🇪 Germany's influence in Ukrainian history was minimal until the 19th and 20th centuries, with the German factor becoming increasingly negative in the modern era.
  • 🇩🇪 The German invasion in World War II and its policies had a devastating impact on Ukraine, including the implementation of the Holocaust and the Hunger Plan.
  • 👥 Soviet policies and collaboration during the Holocaust were influenced by political calculations and shifting blame onto Jews and other targeted groups.
  • 🥳 Ukrainian political parties and civil society suffered in the Soviet era, but nationalist groups survived and grew in influence.

Transcript

(ambient music) - Okay. Greetings everyone. Thank you for joining me on this beautiful day when there are so many lovely things that you could be doing outside. Where did the picnic tables come from? What's up with the picnic tables? Where do those. - [Student] Morse College was closed. So commons went sideways. - Okay. Okay, okay. - [Student] It w... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: Why did Germany's influence in Ukrainian history increase in the 19th and 20th centuries?

Germany's influence grew due to geopolitical shifts and the formation of the modern German state. Germany's desire for Lebensraum (living space) and resources fueled its interest in Ukraine.

Q: What were the key policies and strategies of Nazi Germany in Ukraine during World War II?

The Nazis implemented the Final Solution (Holocaust) to exterminate Jews, the Hunger Plan to exploit Ukraine's resources, and Generalplan Ost to colonize the region. These policies led to widespread death and displacement.

Q: How did Ukrainian political parties and civil society fare under Soviet occupation?

Ukrainian political parties were dissolved, and civil society was suppressed. Only nationalist groups, who opposed Soviet rule, survived and grew in influence.

Q: How did the German invasion impact Ukrainian society and land distribution?

The invasion led to deportations and forced displacement of Poles and other groups, along with the collectivization of land. Ukrainians faced disillusionment with collectivization and the suppression of civil society.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Germany's influence in Ukrainian history was minimal until the 19th and 20th centuries.

  • German culture and language played little role until the modern nation-state era.

  • German contact with Ukraine in the early 20th century led to negative and destructive consequences.

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