The Space Shuttle | Summary and Q&A

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February 17, 2018
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The Space Shuttle

TL;DR

The Space Shuttle was a reusable spacecraft designed by NASA to reduce the cost of spaceflight and had various uses, such as carrying astronauts, payloads, and conducting experiments in space.

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Key Insights

  • 🌍 The Space Shuttle was the world's first reusable spacecraft, designed to reduce the cost of spaceflight.
  • 🧑‍🚀 It had various purposes, including carrying astronauts, payloads, and conducting experiments.
  • 🌸 The Space Shuttle program experienced two major disasters, resulting in the loss of all crew members.
  • 🥶 The Space Shuttle Endeavour was constructed using spare parts from older shuttles and played a crucial role in the Assembly of the International Space Station.
  • 🎟️ The program was retired in 2011 after 135 missions and had accumulated a cost of $210 billion.
  • 🚀 Each Space Shuttle launch cost between $450 million and $1.5 billion per mission.
  • 🛰️ The Space Shuttle program significantly contributed to cutting-edge research and the launch of satellites into space.

Transcript

Space Shuttle reusable low earth orbital spacecraft the Space Shuttle was commissioned by NASA in the late 1960s as a solution to reduce the cost of spaceflight by making spacecraft reusable it was the world's first spacecraft of this type the shuttle had several uses carrying astronauts or large payloads like satellites and components for repair o... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: How was the Space Shuttle designed to reduce the cost of spaceflight?

The Space Shuttle was made reusable, allowing NASA to save money on building new spacecraft for each mission. The orbiter, external tank, and solid rocket boosters were designed to be used multiple times.

Q: What were the main components of the Space Shuttle?

The Space Shuttle consisted of the orbiter, which resembled an airplane and carried the crew and payload. It also had a large orange external tank that provided fuel and two solid rocket boosters that provided additional thrust during liftoff.

Q: How did the Space Shuttle land back on Earth?

The Space Shuttle orbiter landed like a glider on a runway using landing gear and a parachute to slow it down. This allowed for a controlled landing similar to an airplane.

Q: What were the major disasters involving the Space Shuttle?

The Space Shuttle Challenger broke apart in 1986 during its flight, resulting in the loss of all seven crew members. The Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated during re-entry into the atmosphere in 2003, also causing the loss of all seven crew members.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The Space Shuttle was developed in the late 1960s as a reusable spacecraft by NASA to decrease the expense of spaceflight.

  • It consisted of three parts: the orbiter, resembling an airplane; the large orange external tank; and two solid rocket boosters.

  • The Space Shuttle had multiple purposes, including transporting astronauts, satellites, and components for repairing or expanding other spacecraft, as well as conducting experiments in space.

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