The return of wars, explained | Yuval Noah Harari | Summary and Q&A

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November 17, 2023
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Yuval Noah Harari
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The return of wars, explained | Yuval Noah Harari

TL;DR

Escalating conflicts worldwide indicate the collapse of the global liberal order, as nationalism, populism, and economic inequality rise.

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Key Insights

  • 🥶 The global liberal order, established after World War II, aimed to promote peace, human rights, and free trade.
  • 🪈 The order's fatal flaws include the invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan, nationalism in Western democracies, and economic inequality.
  • 🌐 Populism attacks the global order by prioritizing national interests and restricting international cooperation.
  • ✊ The shift towards multipolar power dynamics has led to a less stable global order, with emerging powers challenging the influence of traditional superpowers.
  • ™️ The decline of the global liberal order is marked by the collapse of free trade deals, fragmentation of alliances, and decreasing indexes for globalization, free trade, and democratization.
  • 🌐 Global cooperation is essential to addressing challenges such as regional conflicts, climate change, and technological disruptions.

Transcript

the number of escalating conflicts worldwide is increasing even though 10 years ago the Israeli historian je Noah Harari wrote never before has peace been so prevalent that people could not even imagine War in the early 21st century uh largely thanks to the global liberal order Humanity has experienced the most peaceful and prosperous era in histor... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is the global liberal order?

The global liberal order was established after World War II to promote peace, human rights, and free trade through alliances and institutions. It aimed to prevent great power wars and encourage cooperation among nations.

Q: What are the fatal flaws of the global liberal order?

The global liberal order has faced fatal flaws, including the invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan, which showed that military might cannot enforce sustainable regime change. Additionally, growing nationalism and economic inequality have led to a rise in populism, challenging the order's stability.

Q: How does populism attack the world order?

Populism attacks global order by advocating for a strong leader who protects the nation from outsiders. This often involves restricting civil society, the justice system, and media. Populist leaders also withdraw from international agreements and institutions, threatening the unity and cooperation established by the global liberal order.

Q: What factors indicate a shift towards a multipolar world?

Factors such as the EU's trade influence, China's great power ambitions, India's potential, climate change, and migration suggest that we are already living in a multipolar world. These dynamics challenge the uncontested power of the United States and contribute to a less stable global order.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The global liberal order, established after World War II, aimed to promote peace, human rights, and free trade through alliances and institutions.

  • The order has been challenged by the invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan, nationalism in Western democracies, and economic inequality.

  • The rise of populism and the shift towards multipolar power dynamics have further destabilized the global order and led to increasing conflicts.

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