The Pattern Day Trading Rule Explained | Summary and Q&A

10.1K views
November 4, 2023
by
Charles Schwab
YouTube video player
The Pattern Day Trading Rule Explained

TL;DR

Day trading involves buying and selling securities within the same day, but pattern day traders (PDTs) must maintain a minimum of $25,000 equity in their accounts. PDTs face restrictions if they execute four or more day trades in a five-day period.

Install to Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Transcripts

Key Insights

  • 🥳 Day trading involves buying and selling securities within the same day, often utilizing margin for increased leverage.
  • 🥳 The PDT rule was created to protect novice investors by requiring pattern day trading accounts to maintain a minimum of $25,000 equity.
  • 🥳 A day trade is defined as the purchase and sale or sale and purchase of the same security in a margin account within a single trading day.
  • 🥳 Closing an existing position that was opened during a previous trading day does not count as a day trade.
  • 🥳 The Account Info window on the thinkorswim® trading platform can help track day trades.
  • 🥳 If a pattern day trading account falls below $25,000 equity, it receives a Day Trade Minimum Equity Call and faces restrictions.
  • 🥳 Placing additional day trades while under the Equity Maintenance Call results in further restrictions, limited to closing transactions only.

Transcript

Day trading means entering and exiting a position in a security within the same day. Day traders often use margin, or money borrowed from a brokerage, to increase leverage. While this can potentially increase profits, it could also lead to significant losses. To help protect novice investors from large losses, in 2001, the Financial Industry Regula... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is day trading, and why do day traders use margin?

Day trading involves buying and selling securities within the same day, aiming to profit from short-term price movements. Day traders use margin, or borrowed money, to increase their buying power and potential profits.

Q: What is the PDT rule, and how does it affect day traders?

The PDT rule flags an account as a pattern day trading account if it executes four or more day trades in a five-day period. To continue day trading, a PDT account must maintain a minimum of $25,000 equity.

Q: How does the PDT rule define a day trade?

According to the PDT rule, a day trade is the purchase and sale or sale and purchase of the same security in a margin account within a single trading day, including pre-market and post-market trading.

Q: What happens if a pattern day trading account falls below the required $25,000 equity?

A pattern day trading account with less than $25,000 equity receives a Day Trade Minimum Equity Call. While it does not require immediate funding, the account is restricted to closing transactions only.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Day trading involves entering and exiting a position in a security within the same day, often using borrowed money for increased leverage.

  • The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) created the Pattern Day Trader (PDT) rule in 2001 to protect novice investors from significant losses.

  • Under the PDT rule, executing four or more day trades in a five-day period flags an account as a pattern day trading account, requiring a minimum of $25,000 equity to continue day trading.

Share This Summary 📚

Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Video Transcripts with 1-Click

Download browser extensions on:

Explore More Summaries from Charles Schwab 📚

Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Video Transcripts with 1-Click

Download browser extensions on: