The Autonomy Ecosystem: Justice Systems (6 of 8) | Summary and Q&A

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February 2, 2018
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a16z
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The Autonomy Ecosystem: Justice Systems (6 of 8)

TL;DR

In a world of self-driving electric cars, there will be fewer accidents and a need to find new sources for organ donation. The judicial system around traffic accidents will change, new rules of the road will be written, and liability will shift. Sensor-equipped cars will aid in crime reconstruction and data collection, eliminating the need for driver's licenses and registration. Movie directors will need to find new ways to create tension without car chases.

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Key Insights

  • 🪛 Self-driving cars will significantly reduce accidents caused by human drivers, resulting in the need for alternative sources of organ donation.
  • 💼 The judicial system heavily relies on traffic accident-related cases, and as these cases decrease, professionals within this system will need to find new roles.
  • 😨 New rules of the road will need to be established for self-driving cars, with lawmakers in various countries already working on legislation.
  • 😨 Liability in accidents involving self-driving cars remains a complex issue, impacting car manufacturers, fleet operators, passengers, and software providers.
  • 😨 Sensor-equipped self-driving cars will provide valuable data for crime reconstruction and city management purposes.
  • 🚙 Driver's licenses and vehicle registrations may become obsolete in a world of self-driving cars, leading to the need for alternative forms of identification.
  • 🚃 The entertainment industry, specifically movie directors, will need to find new ways to create tension and excitement in the absence of car chases.

Transcript

we're rapidly moving to a world in which I believe that self-driving fleets powered by electricity will be the dominant way that we get from point A to point B what are the implications to our justice system what we want the rules of the road to be when we arrive on the other side we need to start thinking about some of these issues and planning fo... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What are the implications of self-driving cars on organ donation?

With fewer accidents caused by human drivers, the supply of organ donations from car accident victims will significantly decrease, necessitating the need for alternative sources of organ supply. Researchers are hopeful that companies like those supported by the bio Fund can generate new organs as needed.

Q: How will self-driving cars impact the judicial system?

Self-driving cars will lead to a decrease in traffic accident-related cases, affecting the roles of personal accident attorneys, judges, bail bondsmen, car bounty hunters, speed limit sign makers, and traffic enforcers. These professionals will need to find new areas to apply their expertise.

Q: What new rules of the road are already being implemented for self-driving cars?

California, for example, has introduced a rule requiring autonomous vehicle testers to provide an annual report detailing their learnings. Specific metrics such as disengagements, instances where the self-driving car didn't know what to do, are tracked. Lawmakers in Australia are also actively writing rules for self-driving cars.

Q: Who is liable in cases where self-driving cars cause accidents?

The liability issue remains complex and will require new precedents to be set. Potential liable parties include the car maker, fleet operator, person inside the car, and software provider. The determination of liability will require the rewriting of existing rules and regulations.

Summary

Self-driving fleets powered by electricity are predicted to become the dominant mode of transportation in the future. This shift will have significant implications for our justice system and the rules of the road. It is crucial to start considering these issues and planning for them now, as this transition may happen faster than expected.

Questions & Answers

Q: What are the potential implications of self-driving fleets on our justice system?

The adoption of self-driving fleets will lead to near-zero driving under the influence accidents. However, this also means that we will need to find an alternative source for organ donations. Currently, 20% of organ donations come from victims of vehicular accidents. Therefore, a new source for organs needs to be identified in the future.

Q: How will the shift to self-driving cars affect the judicial system?

Traffic accidents are a significant part of the judicial system, with about a third of all civil trials and 20% of tort trials relating to motor vehicles. As self-driving fleets decrease accidents caused by human drivers, many professionals in the judicial system will need to find new roles. Personal accident attorneys, judges, bail bondsmen, car bounty hunters, speed limit sign makers, traffic enforcers, and DUI stop operators will all need to redirect their talents.

Q: What is an example of a new rule of the road for autonomous vehicle testing in California?

In California, a new rule requires autonomous vehicle testers to provide an annual report that includes details about any disengagements. Disengagements refer to instances when the self-driving car relinquishes control due to uncertainty or other reasons. This rule aims to gather data on the performance and capabilities of autonomous vehicles.

Q: Who will be held liable in accidents caused by self-driving cars?

Determining liability in self-driving car accidents will be a complex issue. Potential parties that may be held accountable could include the car maker, fleet operator, person inside the car, or software provider. Setting legal precedents and rewriting existing rules and regulations will be necessary to address liability concerns.

Q: How will the widespread use of sensors in self-driving cars impact the judicial system?

With sensors installed in every car, the judicial system will have access to a wealth of information and data. Crimes happening in public spaces can be reconstructed accurately using data from multiple vehicles. This will provide reliable witnesses and improve the overall effectiveness of trials. The data collected will also benefit city managers in identifying areas of improvement, such as potholes, worn-out signs, and landmarks.

Q: What are some potential job opportunities that may arise from self-driving electric cars?

As a result of self-driving electric cars, new job opportunities will emerge. People will be needed to archive and handle data collected from sensors, manage requests for information, and share the data with relevant authorities. Additionally, the development of more secure and biometric-based forms of identification will be required, potentially creating jobs in that field.

Q: Will people still require driver's licenses in a world with self-driving cars?

No, driver's licenses will become obsolete in a world where self-driving cars are prevalent. Since nobody will be driving these vehicles, there will be no need for licenses. This could lead to the closure of Departments of Motor Vehicles (DMVs) and eliminate the need for vehicle registrations.

Q: What will replace car chases in movies when self-driving cars become the norm?

The advent of self-driving cars will require movie directors to find alternative ways to generate the excitement and tension created by car chases. With self-driving cars programmed for safety, traditional car chases will no longer be feasible. As such, the film industry will need to come up with new and innovative ways to captivate audiences.

Q: Is there a solution for a speedy getaway in a world dominated by self-driving cars?

While traditional car chases won't exist, alternative methods of escape can be explored. One such option is using fast and efficient transportation like line bikes, as depicted in the movie "Tron: Legacy." Although not officially endorsed, this concept presents a potential solution for escaping scenarios.

Takeaways

The shift towards self-driving electric cars will have far-reaching effects on various aspects of society. These changes include a need for new sources of organ donations, a transformation of the judicial system, the establishment of liability in accidents, the availability of vast data for criminal investigations and city management, the elimination of driver's licenses, the potential for new job opportunities, and a need for creative alternatives to car chases in movies. Adapting to these changes requires planning and consideration to ensure a seamless transition into this new era of transportation.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Self-driving electric cars will lead to a drastic decrease in accidents and a need to find alternative sources for organ donation.

  • The judicial system will undergo significant changes as traffic accident-related cases decrease, leading to job shifts and the need to rewrite rules.

  • The liability for accidents caused by self-driving cars remains unclear, leading to the establishment of new precedents and regulations.

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