Solving 49x^2y'' + 49xy' + y = 0 Cauchy Euler Differential Equation | Summary and Q&A

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June 21, 2018
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The Math Sorcerer
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Solving 49x^2y'' + 49xy' + y = 0 Cauchy Euler Differential Equation

TL;DR

This video explains how to solve Cauchy Euler differential equations, which have the power of X matching the order of the derivative.

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Key Insights

  • ☺️ Cauchy Euler differential equations have the power of X matching the order of the derivative, making them unique.
  • πŸ’Œ By letting Y be equal to X to the M, solving Cauchy Euler differential equations becomes more manageable.
  • πŸ‰ The process involves differentiating Y and plugging it into the equation, then simplifying and combining like terms.
  • 🫚 Complex conjugate roots can arise in solving Cauchy Euler differential equations.
  • ❣️ The formula for the solution of a Cauchy Euler equation with complex conjugate roots is y = X^alpha (c1 cosine(beta ln x) + c2 sine(beta ln x)).
  • πŸ₯³ Alpha and beta represent the real and imaginary parts of the roots, respectively.
  • 🫚 Solving the equation involves algebraic manipulations and identifying the roots.

Transcript

in this video we're going to solve the following differential equation this differential equation is called a Cauchy Euler differential equation and the reason is the power of X matches the order of the derivative the power of X matches the order of the derivative and you can think of this as being X to the 0 times y so the power of X matches the o... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is a Cauchy Euler differential equation?

A Cauchy Euler differential equation is a type of differential equation where the power of X matches the order of the derivative. It is also known as an equidimensional differential equation.

Q: How do you start solving a Cauchy Euler differential equation?

One way to start solving a Cauchy Euler differential equation is by letting Y be equal to X to the M. Then, taking the derivatives of Y and plugging them into the equation helps simplify the process.

Q: What are the steps to solve a Cauchy Euler differential equation?

The steps to solve a Cauchy Euler differential equation include letting Y be equal to X to the M, taking the derivatives of Y (Y', Y''), and plugging them into the equation. Then, combining like terms and simplifying yield the solution.

Q: What are complex conjugate roots in the context of Cauchy Euler differential equations?

When solving a Cauchy Euler differential equation, if the equation yields complex roots, they are known as complex conjugate roots. These roots have the form plus or minus beta I.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The video discusses Cauchy Euler differential equations, which are characterized by the power of X matching the order of the derivative.

  • The concept of letting Y be equal to X to the M is introduced as a starting point for solving these equations.

  • Differentiating Y and plugging it into the differential equation, the video demonstrates the step-by-step process of solving the equation.

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