Separable Differential Equations yln(x)(dx/dy) = ((y + 1)/x)^2  Summary and Q&A
TL;DR
This video explains how to solve a differential equation using integration by parts, demonstrating the stepbystep process.
Key Insights
 ❣️ Separating the variables in a differential equation involves rearranging the equation to have all the x's and dx's on one side, and all the y's and dy's on the other side.
 🙃 Multiplying both sides by appropriate functions can eliminate the DX and DY terms and simplify the equation.
 🥳 Integration by parts is a useful technique for solving the resulting equation, involving the integration of two parts and subtracting their product.
 👻 The process of separating and solving differential equations becomes easier with practice, allowing for quicker and more efficient solutions.
 ❓ It is important to be careful with the algebraic steps to avoid mistakes and ensure accurate results.
 ❓ The implicit solution obtained from integration is a valid solution to the differential equation.
 🥳 This video serves as a helpful refresher on integration by parts, a technique that may not be familiar or may have been forgotten.
Transcript
okay and this problem we're going to solve a differential equation so the goal is we're going to try to separate it so we want to get all of the X's on one side together with a DX and all of the Y's on one side together with a dy that's a good first step maybe we can take this and write it as follows this is really y plus 1 squared over x squared s... Read More
Questions & Answers
Q: How do you start solving a differential equation using separation of variables?
To start, rearrange the equation so that all the x's and dx's are on one side, and all the y's and dy's are on the other side. It's important to keep the DX and DY terms separate.
Q: What are the steps to separate the variables in the equation?
Multiply both sides by x^2 to eliminate the DX term, and multiply by dy/Y to eliminate the dy term. This will lead to x^2 ln(x) dx dy = (y+1)^2.
Q: Why is it important to separate the variables in a differential equation?
Separating the variables allows you to solve the equation by integrating each side separately. This makes it easier to find the solution.
Q: What is the next step after separating the variables?
The next step is to integrate both sides of the equation using integration by parts, which involves choosing u and dv and applying the formula (integral of udv = uv  integral of vdu).
Summary & Key Takeaways

The goal is to solve a differential equation by separating the variables:

Move all the terms with X's and DX to the left side, and all the terms with Y's and dy to the right side.

Multiply both sides by x^2 to eliminate the DX term and multiply by dy/Y to eliminate the dy term.


The equation is then simplified to y ln(x) dx dy = (y+1)^2/x^2.

The next step is to integrate both sides of the equation using the integration by parts formula.