Segmenting Markets for Go-to-Market | Summary and Q&A

September 2, 2018
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Segmenting Markets for Go-to-Market

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In this video, the speaker discusses market segmentation and how organizations use it to determine their marketing strategies. They explain the three segments of the market: enterprise, mid-market, and small to midsize business, as well as consumers. The number of users and the cost of sales increase as you move down the chart. They also mention the go-to-market model and channel definition, with enterprise typically using a direct sales approach, mid-market using channels or inside sales, and consumer products often being offered for free, such as freemium models. The speaker emphasizes the importance of justifying the unit economics of a product and ensuring that sales strategies align with the profitability of each segment.

Questions & Answers

Q: How do organizations use market segmentation?

Market segmentation is a conventional way for organizations to determine their marketing strategies and target specific groups within the market. By dividing the market into distinct segments, organizations can better understand the needs and preferences of different customer groups and develop tailored strategies to effectively reach and serve them.

Q: What are the three segments mentioned in the video?

The speaker mentions three segments: enterprise, mid-market, and small to midsize business, as well as consumers. These segments represent different categories of customers with varying characteristics, needs, and purchasing behaviors. Understanding these segments helps organizations customize their marketing efforts to resonate with each group.

Q: Why does the cost of sales increase as you move down the chart?

The cost of sales increases as you move down the chart because the number of users within each segment increases. Enterprises typically require more complex and personalized sales processes, involving longer sales cycles, negotiations, and customizations. With a larger customer base, the cost of acquiring and supporting the increasing number of users becomes higher.

Q: How does the go-to-market model and channel definition come into play?

The go-to-market model and channel definition determine the approach that organizations take to bring their products or services to market. In the case of the enterprise segment, organizations often opt for a direct sales approach, meaning they sell directly to the end customer. For the mid-market segment, organizations may utilize channels or inside sales teams to reach customers more efficiently. However, in the consumer segment, products are often offered for free or in freemium models, where users can access basic features at no cost.

Q: Why would consumer products typically be offered for free?

Consumer products are often offered for free because the aim in this segment is to acquire a large number of users or customers. By offering the product for free, organizations can attract a wider audience and build brand awareness. They then monetize the consumer segment through various means, such as advertising, premium features, or upgrades, while keeping the sales efforts minimal to maintain profitability.

Q: Why is it important to justify the unit economics of a product?

Justifying the unit economics of a product is crucial to ensure that the profitability of each sale aligns with the market segmentation strategy. Organizations need to evaluate the revenue generated from each unit sold and compare it with the associated costs, including production, marketing, and sales expenses. If the unit economics are not justified, it may indicate that the product pricing, marketing, or sales strategies need adjustments to achieve profitability.

Q: How can the depiction of market segmentation help justify unit economics?

The depiction of market segmentation, as shown in the chart with the segments and increasing number of users, is instrumental in justifying unit economics. By understanding the sales volume and associated costs within each segment, organizations can assess whether the profit generated by each sale is sufficient to cover those costs. This visualization helps organizations determine the viability and profitability of each segment and adjust their sales strategies accordingly.

Q: Can you give an example to illustrate the importance of unit economics?

Sure, let's take the example mentioned in the video of selling a tube of toothpaste. If an organization were to employ an enterprise sales approach, where a dedicated salesperson is involved in selling each tube of toothpaste, the economics would never work. The cost of having a highly skilled salesperson sell such a low-value product would overshadow the profit generated by each sale. It is important to align the sales strategy with the value and pricing of the product to ensure that the unit economics are justified.

Q: How can market segmentation help optimize sales strategies?

Market segmentation helps optimize sales strategies by providing insights into the characteristics, preferences, and purchasing behaviors of different customer groups. By tailoring the sales approach to each segment, organizations can better address the specific needs of their target customers, enhance customer experiences, and maximize sales effectiveness. This means utilizing the right sales channels, adopting suitable pricing strategies, and offering customized solutions for each segment.

Q: What are the key considerations when implementing market segmentation strategies?

When implementing market segmentation strategies, organizations should consider factors such as market research, customer profiling, competitive analysis, and market trends. It is essential to identify the segments that align with the organization's objectives and have the potential for profitability. Additionally, organizations need to ensure that their sales, marketing, and support resources are aligned with the requirements of each segment to deliver value and promote long-term customer relationships.


Market segmentation is a valuable approach for organizations to effectively target and serve specific customer groups. By understanding the characteristics and needs of different segments, organizations can tailor their sales and marketing strategies accordingly. The costs of sales and go-to-market approaches vary across segments, with enterprise requiring more personalized efforts, mid-market utilizing channels or inside sales, and consumer products often being offered for free. Justifying the unit economics of a product through market segmentation helps organizations ensure profitability, and optimizing sales strategies based on segment insights can lead to increased sales effectiveness and customer satisfaction.

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