# Satisficing and Optimizing Metrics (C3W1L04) | Summary and Q&A

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August 25, 2017
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DeepLearningAI
Satisficing and Optimizing Metrics (C3W1L04)

## TL;DR

It can be challenging to measure multiple factors using a single evaluation metric, so using a combination of optimizing and satisficing metrics can provide a clearer way to assess performance.

## Key Insights

• 🧑‍🏭 Combining multiple evaluation factors into a single metric can be challenging.
• 📈 Optimal performance can be achieved by defining an optimizing metric and one or more satisficing metrics.
• 📈 Different scenarios may require different combinations of metrics and thresholds.
• 😫 Training, development, and test sets are necessary to evaluate the performance of classifiers.
• 📈 Using a combination of optimizing and satisficing metrics provides a more nuanced assessment compared to a single evaluation metric.
• 🧑‍🏭 The importance of each factor should be carefully considered when defining the weights of the metrics.
• 📈 The concept of optimizing and satisficing metrics can be applied to various evaluation scenarios.

## Transcript

it's not always easy to combine all the things you clear about into single real number evaluation metric in those cases I found it sometimes useful to set up satisficing as well as optimizing metrics let me show you what I mean let's say that you've decided you care about the classification accuracy of your cat classifier this could have been f1 sc... Read More

### Q: What is the challenge in combining multiple evaluation factors into a single metric?

The challenge lies in determining how to weigh and measure different factors accurately using a single metric. It can be artificial and linear to combine them in a formula without considering their individual importance.

### Q: What is the difference between optimizing and satisficing metrics?

Optimizing metrics are ones that need to be maximized, such as accuracy in a classification model. Satisficing metrics, on the other hand, only need to meet a threshold or be "good enough", such as the running time of the classifier being less than 100 milliseconds.

### Q: How can combining optimizing and satisficing metrics help in selecting the best classifier?

By defining an optimizing metric and one or more satisficing metrics, it becomes easier to evaluate different classifiers. The best classifier would be the one that maximizes the optimizing metric while meeting the thresholds of the satisficing metrics.

### Q: How can the concept of optimizing and satisficing metrics be applied to trigger word detection systems?

For trigger word detection systems, accuracy can be the optimizing metric, aiming to maximize the chance of device wake-up when the trigger word is spoken. The number of false positives can be a satisficing metric, where the goal is to have no more than one false positive per day on average.

## Summary & Key Takeaways

• It is difficult to combine all important factors into a single evaluation metric.

• Using both optimizing and satisficing metrics can provide a more comprehensive evaluation.

• Optimal performance can be achieved by maximizing one metric while ensuring others meet a specific threshold.