Rutherford’s Atomic Model - Part 1 | Atoms and Molecules | Infinity Learn | Summary and Q&A

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July 25, 2018
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Rutherford’s Atomic Model - Part 1 | Atoms and Molecules | Infinity Learn

TL;DR

Rutherford's Gold Foil Experiment disproved the widely accepted Plum Pudding Model of an atom, leading to new insights into atomic structure.

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Key Insights

  • 😀 The Plum Pudding Model of an atom was widely accepted but faced contradictions from experimental results.
  • 🏆 Rutherford conducted the Gold Foil Experiment to test the assumptions of the Plum Pudding Model.
  • 🥺 The observation of deflections and rebounds led Rutherford to conclude that the Plum Pudding Model was incorrect.
  • ✋ Alpha particles were chosen for the experiment due to their high energy and mass.
  • 🤔 A thin gold foil was used to make the experiment more convenient.
  • 🫀 The unexpected results of the experiment prompted Rutherford to propose a new atomic model.
  • 🫀 The experiment demonstrated the existence of a small, dense, and positively charged nucleus within an atom.

Transcript

The plum pudding model of an atom was one of the most widely accepted models all over the world for understanding the structure of the atom! However, several experiments performed by scientists to study the atomic structure showed astonishingly different results. They were contradicting the plum pudding model. This led many scientists all over the ... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: Why did Rutherford choose alpha particles for his Gold Foil Experiment?

Rutherford chose alpha particles because they were heavier and had more energy compared to protons. This made them ideal for testing the Plum Pudding Model's assumption that particles would pass straight through the atom.

Q: Why did Rutherford use a thin gold foil for the experiment?

Rutherford used a thin gold foil because it contained fewer atoms, making the experiment more convenient. A greater number of atoms would have made it difficult to observe the deflections and rebounds of the alpha particles.

Q: What were the expected results of the Gold Foil Experiment based on Thomson's model?

Based on Thomson's model, the expected result was that alpha particles would pass straight through the atoms and hit the detector. Only a small deviation would be acceptable.

Q: What were Rutherford's observations during the Gold Foil Experiment?

Rutherford observed that most alpha particles passed straight through the foil, but some were deflected at small angles, and a few even rebounded. These unexpected results challenged the Plum Pudding Model.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The Plum Pudding Model was widely accepted, but experiments showed contradictory results, leading to the Gold Foil Experiment.

  • Rutherford used alpha particles to bombard a thin gold foil, expecting them to pass through the atom.

  • Instead, Rutherford observed deflections and rebounds, leading him to conclude that the Plum Pudding Model was incorrect.

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