Remarks by Chair Powell at the International Roles of the U.S. Dollar conference | Summary and Q&A

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June 23, 2022
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Federal Reserve
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Remarks by Chair Powell at the International Roles of the U.S. Dollar conference

TL;DR

The dollar's international role is crucial for the US and global economies, providing benefits such as lower transaction fees and borrowing costs, but also posing financial stability challenges.

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Key Insights

  • 🧑‍🏭 The dollar's international role is upheld by various factors such as financial market depth, economic strength, and trust in US institutions.
  • 😒 The dominant use of the dollar benefits the US and foreign economies by reducing transaction fees and borrowing costs.
  • ⏯️ The Federal Reserve plays a crucial role in promoting financial stability and supporting the global use of dollars through liquidity facilities.
  • 🌐 Rapid changes in the global monetary system and the growth of crypto assets may impact the future international role of the dollar.

Transcript

good morning everyone and let me add my welcome to this inaugural conference on the international rolls of the dollar thanks to everyone for participating lending your expertise on this important topic as beth ann indicated this is uh the first use of our new martin conference center and i really hope you enjoy it so the international financial and... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What factors have contributed to the dollar's international preeminence?

The dollar's international preeminence is supported by the depth and liquidity of US financial markets, the size and strength of the US economy, as well as international trust in US institutions and the rule of law.

Q: How does the dominant role of the dollar benefit the United States?

The wide use of the dollar lowers transaction fees and borrowing costs for US households, businesses, and the government. It also helps contain uncertainty and reduces the cost of hedging for domestic households and businesses.

Q: What benefits does the dominant role of the dollar provide for foreign economies?

The global usage of the dollar allows foreign borrowers to have access to a broad pool of lenders and investors, which reduces their funding and transaction costs.

Q: How does the Federal Reserve support the international use of the dollar?

The Federal Reserve promotes financial stability and supports the use of dollars internationally through liquidity facilities such as central bank swap lines, which provide foreign central banks with the capacity to deliver US dollar funding to institutions in their jurisdictions.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The dollar's status as the world's reserve currency and its wide usage for payments and investments has been supported by the depth and liquidity of US financial markets, the strength of the US economy, and international trust in US institutions.

  • The global preeminence of the dollar benefits the US by reducing transaction fees and borrowing costs, and also benefits foreign economies by providing access to a broad pool of lenders and investors.

  • The Federal Reserve plays a key role in promoting financial stability and supporting the use of dollars internationally through liquidity facilities such as central bank swap lines.

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