Racism, Law, & Politics (Race Part 1) | Philosophy Tube | Summary and Q&A

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January 29, 2016
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Racism, Law, & Politics (Race Part 1) | Philosophy Tube

TL;DR

Race is not just a biological category or a social construct, but a technology used by those in power to manage unruly populations.

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Key Insights

  • ✊ Chef argues that race is a tool of power used to classify people based on perceived unruliness.
  • ✊ Sovereign power creates exceptions and justifies excluding certain groups from society through race.
  • 😐 Racialization disguises classification under neutral criteria, masking the true relationship of violence between citizens and sovereign power.
  • 🐎 Historical examples, such as the internment of Japanese-Americans, demonstrate how race can be used to justify exclusion and imprisonment.
  • ✊ Racism is not simply hating someone based on their skin color, but a more complex process rooted in power dynamics.
  • 🤳 Racial self-identity follows after a population has already been racialized and is not erased by Chef's theory.
  • 🆘 Liberal societies often fail to achieve fairness, democracy, and equality, and the theory helps understand why.

Transcript

this video is part 1 of 2 in this episode we'll be looking at the work of Phalguni chef and learning about race racialization and political philosophy in part 2 we'll look at a case study and discuss the racialization of Muslims in so-called Western liberal societies we've got a lot of ground to cover today so I'm going to jump right in there's thi... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: How does Phalguni Chef define race?

Chef sees race as a technology used by sovereign power, going beyond biological categories or social constructs.

Q: What is the purpose of the state, according to Chef?

Chef believes that the purpose of the state is to conserve its own power and the basic liberal assumptions underlying liberal societies.

Q: How does racialization occur?

Racialization is the process by which a population is divided, with one group being pushed further away from the promises of liberalism, both in the law and in the minds of people.

Q: Can race be used to justify violence?

Yes, racialization creates an implied threat of violence for those who cannot access the promised benefits of liberalism.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Phalguni Chef argues that race should not be viewed solely as a biological category or a social construct, but as a technology used by those in power to manage populations.

  • Sovereign power, specifically in liberal societies, uses race to make exceptions and exclude certain groups of people from the benefits of liberalism.

  • Racialization is the process by which a population is divided, pushing certain groups further away from the promises of liberalism and preserving the power of the sovereign.

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