Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw | Plot Summary | Summary and Q&A

December 18, 2019
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Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw | Plot Summary


A flower girl named Eliza seeks to improve her social status by learning proper speech and manners from an arrogant phonetics expert, but their relationship ends in betrayal.

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Key Insights

  • 🎴 The play explores the transformative power of education and speech, exemplified by Eliza's journey from a lowly flower girl to a refined lady.
  • 🧑 The relationship between Higgins and Eliza is deeply flawed, with Higgins often treating Eliza as an object rather than a person.
  • 🍃 Eliza's defiance and assertiveness in leaving Higgins highlight her growth and independence.
  • 🖐️ The play delves into themes of social class, identity, and the limitations imposed by gender roles.
  • ❤️‍🩹 The ending is bittersweet, with Eliza's departure leaving both Higgins and the audience uncertain about the future of their relationship.
  • 🖤 The character of Higgins embodies arrogance and a lack of empathy, showcasing the negative consequences of his actions.
  • 🫡 The presence of Colonel Pickering provides a contrasting figure who treats Eliza with respect and supports her transformation.


in the introduction of the play Pygmalion a sudden downpour has pedestrians in Covent Garden sprinting for shelter or taxis beneath the portico of st. Paul's Church a young the flower girl an older gentleman and a man taking notes on the flower girl speech are gathered in the rising action becomes clear that the note-taking man is only interested i... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: Who are the main characters in the play?

The main characters are Eliza Doolittle, a flower girl seeking to improve her speech, Henry Higgins, a phonetics expert, and Colonel Pickering, a fellow speech expert.

Q: What is the bet between Higgins and Pickering?

Pickering bets that Higgins can transform Eliza into a lady in six months, and if successful, Pickering will cover all expenses.

Q: How does Eliza's transformation affect her relationships?

Eliza's transformation leads to romantic interest from Freddie, admiration from Pickering, and respect from Higgins' mother. However, she also feels mistreated and betrayed by Higgins.

Q: What happens in the resolution of the play?

Eliza decides to leave Higgins, asserting her independence and leaving him unsure about her departure.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • A flower girl named Eliza Doolittle approaches Henry Higgins, a famous phonetics expert, to teach her proper speech.

  • With the help of Colonel Pickering and months of training, Eliza becomes well-spoken and refined.

  • Despite her transformation, Eliza feels mistreated and betrayed by Higgins, ultimately leaving him and asserting her independence.

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