# Power Factor - Basic Introduction - Reactive and Apparent Power. | Summary and Q&A

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February 17, 2020
by
The Organic Chemistry Tutor
Power Factor - Basic Introduction - Reactive and Apparent Power.

## TL;DR

Power factor measures the efficiency of energy usage in a circuit, with a higher power factor indicating more efficient energy consumption.

## Key Insights

• ✊ Power factor measures the efficiency of energy consumption in a circuit, with 1 indicating optimal efficiency.
• ✊ Power factor can be calculated using different formulas, such as TP/AP, cosφ, or R/Z.
• ✊ Adding capacitors in an inductive circuit improves power factor but increases current drawn from the power source.
• ✊ Power factor affects utility bills, with higher power factors resulting in lower bills.
• ✊ Reactive power contributes to the calculation of apparent power, influencing power factor.
• ✊ Power factor is important for understanding the actual energy being used compared to what is being billed for.
• ✊ Adding inductors to a capacitive circuit can also increase power factor.

## Transcript

in this video we're going to cover the basic idea behind power factor what is power factor the power factor which i'm going to label as pf can be calculated by taking the true power tp and dividing it by the apparent power now i'm going to give you some examples to help you see what is meant by the true power and the apparent power right now i'm go... Read More

## Questions & Answers

### Q: How is power factor calculated and what does it represent?

Power factor is calculated by dividing true power by apparent power and represents the efficiency of energy usage in a circuit. A power factor of 1 means all energy is being consumed efficiently.

### Q: How does adding an inductor affect power factor?

Adding an inductor to a circuit can decrease power factor, as it causes a displacement of the phasor diagram between voltage and current. This deviation from 1 reduces efficiency.

### Q: What is the significance of reactive power in power factor calculations?

Reactive power is the power consumed or generated due to the reaction of inductive or capacitive elements in a circuit. It contributes to the calculation of apparent power and affects power factor.

### Q: How can power factor be improved in an inductive circuit?

Power factor in an inductive circuit can be improved by adding a capacitor. This compensates for the inductance, bringing the power factor closer to 1 and increasing energy efficiency.

## Summary & Key Takeaways

• Power factor (PF) is calculated by dividing true power (TP) by apparent power (AP), and it can also be represented as the cosφ or R/Z, where R is resistance and Z is impedance.

• A power factor of 1 indicates efficient energy usage, without any losses due to reactive power.

• The addition of capacitors to an inductive circuit can improve power factor, increasing efficiency but also drawing more current from the power source.

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