Nature of Science | Summary and Q&A

June 6, 2019
Amoeba Sisters
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Nature of Science


The scientific method is a valuable tool for investigating and exploring scientific phenomena, but it is not the only way scientists do science, as there are variations and adaptations to fit different research goals.

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Key Insights

  • 🔬 Science fairs are a great way for students to explore their curiosity and apply the scientific method to investigate a problem.
  • 📝 The scientific method is often taught as a linear set of steps, but scientists frequently deviate from this sequence and may develop models and ask new questions along the way.
  • 🤔 Curiosity is crucial in science, as exploring curious questions can lead to new learning and discoveries.
  • 📚 Science is derived from the Latin word meaning "knowledge" and has the goal of gaining knowledge across different branches of science.
  • 🔎 Conducting a scientific investigation involves making observations, asking questions, making inferences, doing research, and setting up experiments with control and experimental groups.
  • 📑 Reading scientific papers critically is important, and it's essential to cite credible sources when researching.
  • ⚖️ Ethical considerations are crucial in science, which is a collaborative and creative endeavor that is constantly evolving and discovering new information.
  • 💡 Good science communication and the ability to evaluate new information with credible sources are essential for understanding and participating in science.


Captions are on. To turn off, click CC at bottom right. We’ve gotten the question before, “So, have you always loved science?” For my sister, science wasn’t love at first sight. She started to develop a love for science after she started discovering ways it was relevant to her life. But for me, yes. Yes, I have. And one thing that really brought sc... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is the scientific method and how does it help scientists conduct research?

The scientific method is a systematic approach that helps scientists investigate and understand phenomena. It provides a structured framework for making observations, asking questions, formulating hypotheses, designing experiments, analyzing data, and drawing conclusions.

Q: Do all scientists follow the exact same steps of the scientific method?

No, scientists often adapt and modify the steps of the scientific method to fit their research goals and objectives. The process of science is iterative, and scientists may go back and forth between steps, develop models, or ask new questions to better understand a phenomenon.

Q: How does a science fair utilize the scientific method?

Science fairs provide students with the opportunity to apply the scientific method to investigate a problem or question of interest. Students make observations, form hypotheses, design experiments, collect and analyze data, and draw conclusions, following a similar process as the scientific method.

Q: What are some important terms and concepts in scientific investigations?

Important terms and concepts in scientific investigations include observation (gathering data), inference (logical statements based on evidence), research (gathering information from credible sources), control group (a group that does not receive the treatment), variables (independent and dependent variables), constants (variables that are kept the same), and graphing (representing data visually).

Q: How does collaboration and creativity play a role in scientific research?

Collaboration and creativity are essential in scientific research. Scientists often collaborate with others who have expertise in certain areas to improve their experiments and understanding of phenomena. Creativity is required when designing experiments, developing models, and asking new questions to further scientific knowledge.

Q: Why is science communication important?

Science communication is important because it facilitates the dissemination of new information and research findings. Good science communication with credible sources ensures that accurate and reliable information reaches the public, fostering understanding and informed decision-making.

Q: How does science contribute to our understanding of the natural world?

Science contributes to our understanding of the natural world by providing explanations and insights into various phenomena. It allows us to explore and discover the workings of the natural world, from medical treatments to environmental solutions, and helps us deepen our knowledge of the universe around us.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Science fairs provide an opportunity for students to use the scientific method to investigate a problem or question.

  • The scientific method is a linear sequence of steps that includes observation, forming a question, creating a hypothesis, conducting an experiment, analyzing data, and drawing a conclusion. However, scientists often deviate from this linear sequence and may develop models or ask new questions.

  • Important terms in science include observation, data gathering, inference, research, control group, variables, and graphing.

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