Motivation | Psychology | Summary and Q&A

2.8K views
β€’
March 15, 2019
by
Course Hero
YouTube video player
Motivation | Psychology

TL;DR

Motivation is driven by both biological factors, such as hunger and physiological needs, and external factors, such as social and environmental influences.

Install to Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Transcripts

Key Insights

  • πŸ“‘ Hunger is regulated by biological mechanisms, with low blood sugar signaling hunger and eating leading to the release of hormones that signal fullness.
  • 🎚️ The arousal theory suggests that individuals strive to maintain an optimal level of mental or physical excitation, affecting their motivation levels.
  • πŸͺ› Intrinsic motivation is driven by internal rewards, such as autonomy, relatedness, and competence, while extrinsic motivation is influenced by external rewards and consequences.
  • πŸ˜… Genes play a significant role in determining metabolic rate and body weight, impacting motivation related to eating habits.
  • πŸ˜‹ Socio-economic factors can influence motivation, with limited access to healthy food leading to reliance on cheaper, high-calorie options.
  • ✊ Models like the incentive theory and achievement theory explain motivation in terms of rewards and the need for achievement, affiliation, or power.

Transcript

motivation is the driving force behind our actions and behaviors some aspects of motivation like those related to survival are driven by built-in mechanisms in the body hunger for example is regulated by several systems low blood sugar causes signals to be sent to the brain which trigger hunger eating then causes blood glucose to rise and causes fa... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: How does hunger regulation work in the body?

Hunger is regulated by signals sent to the brain when blood sugar levels are low, triggering the feeling of hunger. Eating raises blood glucose and releases leptin, a hormone that signals fullness, leading to a cessation of eating.

Q: What is the role of arousal in motivation?

The arousal theory suggests that individuals aim to maintain an optimal level of mental or physical excitation. This can lead people to either approach or avoid certain situations or people to maintain the appropriate level.

Q: What are the psychological needs that impact intrinsic motivation?

According to self-determination theory, the three psychological needs that impact intrinsic motivation are autonomy (acting on one's own volition), relatedness (a sense of belonging or connection), and competence (self-efficacy).

Q: How do social and environmental factors influence motivation?

External motivators, such as social, environmental, and socio-economic factors, can play a significant role in guiding behavior. For example, limited access to healthy food in poorer neighborhoods may lead to reliance on inexpensive and calorie-dense fast food, contributing to weight gain.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Motivation is influenced by both biological and non-survival factors, with hunger being regulated by built-in mechanisms in the body.

  • The arousal theory suggests that individuals strive to maintain an optimal level of mental or physical excitation, either approaching or avoiding certain people or situations.

  • Intrinsic motivation is driven by internal rewards, such as autonomy, relatedness, and competence, while extrinsic motivation is influenced by external rewards and consequences.

Share This Summary πŸ“š

Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Video Transcripts with 1-Click

Download browser extensions on:

Explore More Summaries from Course Hero πŸ“š

Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Video Transcripts with 1-Click

Download browser extensions on: