Leetcode 1339. Maximum Product of Splitted Binary Tree  Summary and Q&A
TL;DR
The problem involves splitting a binary tree to maximize the product of two parts' sums.
Key Insights
 🌲 The problem emphasizes optimizing a mathematical product derived from data structures, focusing on binary trees.
 💨 Implementing a depthfirst search (DFS) provides a structured way to explore all potential splits within the tree.
 🥳 The recursive nature of the solution allows efficient calculation of sums associated with different parts of the binary tree.
 👋 Utilizing a global variable to track the maximum product guarantees that the best possible outcome is retained throughout the recursive calls.
 🪘 Handling potential overflow by using long long data types is crucial, especially for larger values resulting from multiplications.
 🌲 Understanding the tree's structure is essential for accurately calculating the sums required for maximizing the product.
 🥳 The problem can be approached from different angles, considering various parts to arrive at the optimal solution.
Transcript
hello this is problem number three of contest 174 here we are given a binary tree and we have to spread the binary tree into two parts and take separately the sum of each part and then multiply it so we have to maximize the product for example here we are given a binary tree and we are going to split the binary tree from here then it will be here i... Read More
Questions & Answers
Q: What is the main goal of the problem presented in the content?
The main goal of the problem is to split a given binary tree into two parts, and to maximize the product of the sums of those two parts. By strategically choosing the split point and calculating the resulting sums, we aim to identify the optimal split that yields the highest product.
Q: How does the depthfirst search (DFS) method aid in solving the problem?
The DFS method is beneficial for this problem as it allows for a systematic exploration of all possible splits of the binary tree. By recursively calculating the sums of the left, right, and a third upper part, the DFS approach helps in evaluating potential products from different split points, thereby aiding in identifying the maximum product efficiently.
Q: Why is it necessary to consider three different parts when splitting the binary tree?
Considering three parts—left, right, and upper—allows for a comprehensive evaluation of how each component contributes to the product calculation. By breaking down the binary tree in this manner, we can accurately compute the various multiplication options and ensure that no possible split is overlooked when seeking to maximize the product.
Q: What are the three multiplication options presented in the solution?
The three multiplication options for the two parts when splitting the tree are:

the product of the upper part with the sum of the left and right parts;

the product of the left part with the sum of the root and right parts;

the product of the right part with the sum of the left and root parts. This variety helps ensure the best outcome is found.
Summary & Key Takeaways

This problem requires splitting a binary tree into two parts, calculating their sums, and maximizing the product of these sums.

A depthfirst search (DFS) approach is suggested for recursively obtaining the sums of each tree's parts, including left, right, and an "upper" part.

The solution involves calculating three possible multiplication options for each split and using a global variable to store the maximum product result.