Intro to Aesthetics | Philosophy Tube | Summary and Q&A

135.1K views
January 6, 2017
by
Philosophy Tube
YouTube video player
Intro to Aesthetics | Philosophy Tube

TL;DR

The definition of art is a highly debated topic, with various theories including essentialism, functionalism, institutional and historical definitions, anti-essentialism, and pluralism.

Install to Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Transcripts

Key Insights

  • 🥋 Defining art is a complex task due to the diverse nature of artworks and the constant emergence of new forms.
  • 🥰 Different theories, such as essentialism, functionalism, institutionalism, and historical definitions, attempt to provide a framework for defining art but face limitations and criticisms.
  • 🥰 Anti-essentialism suggests that art cannot be defined using traditional methods, and instead emphasizes the existence of family resemblances among artworks.
  • 🥰 Pluralism proposes that multiple definitions of art can coexist and be used contextually, similar to how biology has different definitions for species based on specific fields of study.
  • 🥰 Having a robust definition of art can be useful in certain situations, particularly when dealing with unconventional or controversial artworks.
  • 🥰 The debate over the definition of art continues, with philosophers engaging with the challenges and limitations posed by different theories.
  • 🥰 Personal preferences for a specific theory of art definition may vary, and individuals can also come up with their own interpretations.

Transcript

if I asked you to show me some art you'd probably be able to do it you might have some favorite pieces or know something about the history of art but if I was an alien from another planet and I asked you to define art could you do it philosophers have been trying to define art for a long time and it turns out it's actually really bloody difficult t... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is essentialism when it comes to defining art?

Essentialism theory claims that art can be defined based on a specific feature, known as feature X, which all artworks possess. However, it becomes difficult to find one feature that encompasses all types of art due to their vast diversity.

Q: According to functionalism, how is art defined?

Functionalism suggests that art is defined by its function, referred to as Y. Artworks that serve this function can be considered art. However, like essentialism, the challenge lies in finding a single function that applies to all forms of art.

Q: What does institutional theory propose about the definition of art?

Institutional theories argue that art is defined by institutions or the art world. The art world, made up of individuals who have the authority to determine what counts as art, can point to anything and label it as such. However, the arbitrary nature of this definition raises questions about the basis for their decisions.

Q: How do historical definitions contribute to the definition of art?

Historical definitions state that something is art if it fits into a recognized historical artistic tradition. However, the challenge lies in determining what constitutes an artistic tradition without relying on another definition of art. Additionally, these definitions struggle to encompass newly emerged art forms and artworks created by non-human entities.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Defining art has been a challenge for philosophers due to the diversity of artworks and the constant emergence of new forms.

  • Essentialist theory suggests that all art shares a common feature, while functionalism proposes that art serves a specific function.

  • Institutional theories argue that art is defined by institutions or the art world, while historical definitions focus on fitting into recognized artistic traditions.

Share This Summary 📚

Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Video Transcripts with 1-Click

Download browser extensions on:

Explore More Summaries from Philosophy Tube 📚

Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Video Transcripts with 1-Click

Download browser extensions on: