# How to Prove Uniform Convergence Example with f_n(x) = x/(1 + nx^2) | Summary and Q&A

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October 9, 2018
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The Math Sorcerer
How to Prove Uniform Convergence Example with f_n(x) = x/(1 + nx^2)

## TL;DR

A sequence of functions is proven to converge uniformly to 0 by finding the maximum value and setting a bound.

## Key Insights

• 🥋 Uniform convergence is a more stringent form of convergence than point-wise convergence.
• 👍 To prove uniform convergence, it is necessary to find the maximum value of the function.
• 😫 The maximum value is determined by taking the first derivative and setting it equal to zero.
• 😫 The bound for uniform convergence is set using the maximum value of the function.
• 🥋 The epsilon in uniform convergence should be independent of X to ensure uniformity across all real numbers.
• 👎 The convergence of the function sequence is proven by choosing an appropriate positive integer n that satisfies the conditions for the bound.
• ❓ The proof relies on the Archimedean principle to choose a suitable n.

## Transcript

hey what's up YouTube in this video we have a sequence F sub n of X equal to X over 1 plus NX squared so for each positive integer we have a function so we have a sequence and we're going to prove that it converges uniformly on the set of real numbers to 0 so first let's briefly recall what it means for a sequence of functions to converge uniformly... Read More

### Q: What is uniform convergence?

Uniform convergence means that for a sequence of functions, the difference between each function and the limit function is less than a given epsilon, and this holds uniformly for all real numbers.

### Q: How is the maximum value of the function determined in order to set a bound?

The maximum value of the function is found by taking the first derivative and setting it equal to zero. The critical numbers are then plotted on a number line, and test points are plugged into the first derivative to determine whether the function is increasing or decreasing. The maximum value occurs at the critical number.

### Q: Why is it important for the epsilon to not depend on X?

The epsilon needs to be independent of X so that the bound can be set uniformly across all real numbers. If the epsilon depended on X, it would only prove point-wise convergence, which is less stringent than uniform convergence.

### Q: How is the convergence of the function sequence proven using the bound?

By choosing an appropriate positive integer n that is greater than 1 over 2 epsilon squared, the difference between F sub n of X and 0 can be shown to be less than epsilon. This proves the uniform convergence of the function sequence.

## Summary & Key Takeaways

• A sequence of functions F sub n of X is given, and the goal is to prove that it converges uniformly on the set of real numbers to 0.

• The concept of uniform convergence is explained, which states that for all epsilon greater than zero, there exists a positive integer capital n such that for every little n bigger than n and for every real number X, the distance between F sub n of X and 0 is less than epsilon.

• To prove the uniform convergence, the maximum value of the function F sub n of X is found and a bound is set using this maximum value.