How to Make a SQUARE Vortex Ring! ft. 3blue1brown | Summary and Q&A

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November 7, 2018
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Physics Girl
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How to Make a SQUARE Vortex Ring! ft. 3blue1brown

TL;DR

The video explores the behavior of vortex rings when formed through square and rectangular holes, revealing wobbly and complex movement patterns.

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Key Insights

  • 😋 Vortex rings can be created through square and rectangular holes, contrary to initial expectations.
  • 😋 The wobbling behavior of the vortex ring is caused by the sharp turns in the vortex, leading to certain parts of the ring getting a head start.
  • 🖐️ Curvature plays a significant role in the wobbling behavior, with higher curvatures resulting in more pronounced wobbling patterns.
  • 😋 The behavior of vortex rings has implications in understanding larger fluid dynamics phenomena such as turbulence and the movement of air in hurricanes.
  • 😋 The experiment showcased in the video provides a simplified model of fluid dynamics, providing conceptual insights into the behavior of vortex rings.
  • 🌸 Studying vortex rings can help researchers better understand and model fluid flow using equations such as the Navier-Stokes equation.
  • ❓ The use of diffraction grating and laser technology allowed for the visualization of cross-sections of the vortex and the movement of fog in the air, revealing new questions and avenues for exploration in fluid dynamics.
  • 👻 The collaboration between Physics Girl and 3Blue1Brown, represented by Diana and Grant, allowed for the combination of physics and mathematics perspectives, enhancing the analysis and understanding of the experiment.

Transcript

[MUSIC PLAYING] Hey, I'm Diana. And you're watching "Physics Girl, Vortex Edition" [POP] with special guest who doesn't usually show his face. But here he is-- Grant Sanderson from the Math Channel-- you should check out if you haven't-- "3Blue1Brown." So 3Blue1Grant flew out to San Diego to make vortex rings with me. But we very quickly got distr... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: Can a vortex ring be created through a square hole?

Yes, contrary to expectations, the vortex ring successfully formed and wobbled through the square hole, showcasing the unique behavior of the fluid dynamics involved.

Q: Why does the vortex ring wobble when formed through a square hole?

The wobbling behavior is caused by the sharp turns in the vortex. These turns result in certain parts of the ring getting a head start and moving faster, leading to a diamond-shaped pattern as the bend moves along the ring.

Q: How does the behavior of a vortex ring change when formed through a rectangular hole?

When formed through a rectangular hole, the wobbling behavior is more pronounced due to the higher curvature from the two short sides. This results in a saddle-shaped wobbling pattern.

Q: What is the significance of studying vortex rings and their behavior?

Understanding the behavior of vortex rings is essential in fluid dynamics, as it can provide insights into phenomena such as turbulence and the movement of air in hurricanes and other natural occurrences.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The video showcases the experiment of creating vortex rings through circular, square, and rectangular holes using an air cannon and smoke.

  • Surprisingly, the vortex ring successfully formed and wobbled through the square hole, contrary to initial predictions.

  • The wobbling behavior is explained by the sharp turns in the vortex, causing certain parts of the ring to get a head start and creating a diamond-shaped pattern.

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