Hedonism and Pleasure - Philosophy Tube | Summary and Q&A

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February 6, 2015
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Hedonism and Pleasure - Philosophy Tube

TL;DR

Pleasure is often considered the intrinsic good in hedonism, but philosophers like Epicurus, Bentham, and Mill have different perspectives on what constitutes the good life.

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Key Insights

  • 👋 Hedonism is the belief that pleasure and pain are the only intrinsic goods and bads.
  • ❓ Epicurus emphasized the importance of contentment and eliminating desires for true happiness.
  • 😘 Bentham believed in the equality of pleasures, while Mill distinguished between higher and lower pleasures.
  • 💯 Nozick challenged the core idea of hedonism, questioning whether pleasure is the only intrinsic good.
  • ❓ Preference hedonism broadens the definition of pleasure to include any desired mental state.

Transcript

what makes a human life go well which is to say what do you need in order to live the good life one obvious answer seems to be well pleasure and this is the answer given by hedonists some of whom we will now look at the word hedonism usually has negative connotations people think it means excess or smart or decadence but that's actually not true ev... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is hedonism?

Hedonism is the belief that pleasure and pain are the only things that are intrinsically good or bad. It focuses on maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain.

Q: How did Epicurus prioritize pleasure?

Epicurus prioritized cat asta matic pleasure, which involves being content without any desires. He believed that eliminating desires leads to ultimate happiness.

Q: How did Bentham view the value of pleasure?

Bentham believed that all pleasures were of equal value, differing only in intensity and duration. He argued for a quantitative approach to pleasure.

Q: How did Mill distinguish between higher and lower pleasures?

Mill argued that some pleasures (higher pleasures) were inherently more valuable than others (lower pleasures). Higher pleasures involved intellectual and artistic experiences, while lower pleasures were more basic physical pleasures.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Hedonism is the belief that pleasure and pain are the only things that are intrinsically good or bad.

  • Epicurus believed in two types of pleasure: kinetic pleasure (fulfilling desires) and cat asta matic pleasure (contentment without desires).

  • Bentham argued that all pleasures were of equal value, while Mill distinguished higher pleasures of being human from lower pleasures of animals.

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