Force | Free Body Diagrams | Physics | Don't Memorise | Summary and Q&A

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June 5, 2017
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Infinity Learn NEET
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Force | Free Body Diagrams | Physics | Don't Memorise

TL;DR

Learn how to draw free body diagrams and understand the forces acting on different objects in various situations.

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Key Insights

  • 🥶 Free body diagrams help visualize and analyze forces acting on objects.
  • 😣 Balanced forces with a net force of zero result in objects at rest or moving with a constant velocity.
  • 💱 Unbalanced forces cause acceleration or changes in velocity.
  • 🖐️ Air resistance plays a crucial role in certain situations, such as skydiving.

Transcript

I want you to read these five situations and draw free body diagrams for each! Okay, so let me draw the first one for you, and then you can try the rest. Let this horizontal line be the top of the table and the box is placed here. The free body diagrams shows all the forces acting on it. First, there is a force of gravity acting on it. It will be d... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What are free body diagrams used for?

Free body diagrams are used to visualize and analyze the forces acting on an object in various situations. They help determine the net force and understand an object's motion.

Q: How does the balance of forces affect an object at rest?

When forces such as gravity and normal force are balanced, the object remains at rest due to a net force of zero. The size of the arrows in the free body diagram representing these forces are equal.

Q: What does acceleration mean in the context of forces?

Acceleration refers to a change in velocity, indicating unbalanced forces. If an object's velocity is changing, there must be a net force acting on it.

Q: How does air resistance affect a skydiver falling at a constant velocity?

In the fourth situation, when a skydiver falls at a constant velocity, air resistance balances the force of gravity. The magnitudes of these two forces are equal, resulting in a net force of zero.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The first situation involves a box at rest on a table, with balanced forces of gravity and normal force.

  • The second situation includes an applied force causing rightward acceleration, with a frictional force opposing the applied force.

  • In the third situation, the box moves at a constant velocity to the right, with balanced forces of gravity, normal force, applied force, and frictional force.

  • The fourth situation features a skydiver falling at a constant velocity, where air resistance counters the force of gravity.

  • The fifth situation involves free-falling, where the force of gravity exceeds the magnitude of air resistance, causing acceleration.

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