Distributed Data Storage, DAS, and Danksharding with Valeria Nikolaenko | a16z crypto research | Summary and Q&A

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August 22, 2023
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Distributed Data Storage, DAS, and Danksharding with Valeria Nikolaenko | a16z crypto research

TL;DR

Ethereum proposes a solution to scale blockchain by using Roll-Ups for execution scaling and Distributed Data Storage for storing transactions, achieving consensus through data availability sampling.

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Key Insights

  • #️⃣ Blockchains struggle with scalability due to the limited number of transactions they can support per second.
  • 🤣 Roll-Ups help in scaling blockchain execution by reducing the number of transactions visible on the chain.
  • ❓ Distributed Data Storage using Erasure Coding enables efficient storage of transactions and provides fault tolerance.
  • 🏪 Consensus mechanisms, such as reliable broadcast and data availability sampling, ensure validators come to an agreement about the stored data.
  • 🛄 Ethereum's proposal for Deng Sharding aims to further enhance scalability by expanding the block size and using additional storage techniques.

Transcript

all right uh welcome everyone to this afternoon's a16z crypto research seminar uh very happy to introduce Valeria nicolenko a research partner here at a16z crypto Lara will probably tell you she's a cryptographer but she actually knows an amazing man about an amazing number of topics which those of you who know or of course have already experienced... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: Why do blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereum struggle with scalability?

Blockchains struggle with scalability due to the limited number of transactions they can support per second. Bitcoin supports only seven transactions per second, while Ethereum supports 15.

Q: How do Roll-Ups help in scaling blockchain execution?

Roll-Ups pack transactions into a compact form and store them on the blockchain through a smart contract. This reduces the number of transactions visible on the chain, improving scalability and reducing gas costs.

Q: How does Distributed Data Storage address the scalability issue?

Distributed Data Storage utilizes Erasure Coding to distribute and encode transactions across validators. This reduces the storage requirement and allows for efficient data availability and fault tolerance.

Q: Can Distributed Data Storage handle Byzantine faults?

Yes, by incorporating homomorphic commitments and consensus mechanisms like reliable broadcast, the validators can ensure that the stored fragments are correct and consistent among themselves, making the system resilient to Byzantine faults.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereum have limited scalability, supporting only a small number of transactions per second.

  • Roll-Ups are a solution that helps scale blockchain execution by packing transactions into a compact form and storing them on the blockchain through a smart contract.

  • Distributed Data Storage using Erasure Coding allows for efficient storage of transactions by distributing and encoding them across validators, ensuring data availability and resilience to fault tolerance.

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