deeplearning.ai Learner Community Event ft. Roger Smith | Summary and Q&A

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October 29, 2020
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DeepLearningAI
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deeplearning.ai Learner Community Event ft. Roger Smith

TL;DR

AutoML is used to assess the performance of robotic surgeons, with the aim of using deep learning algorithms to improve surgical education and skill training.

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Key Insights

  • 🎮 AutoML can be used as an assessment tool for robotic surgeons, analyzing videos of their performance using deep learning algorithms.
  • 🥼 Simulated environments are easier to assess than wet lab settings, as the variability in lighting and tissue appearance is reduced.
  • 🚂 Training a neural network to accurately assess surgical performance requires a large dataset of videos and careful data wrangling.
  • 🎮 The performance of the AutoML model can be improved by adjusting thresholds, acquiring more training videos, and manually curating the dataset.
  • 🥰 The use of AutoML in surgical assessment has implications beyond healthcare, with potential applications in sports, arts, traffic monitoring, and security surveillance.
  • ✋ Achieving a high level of performance accuracy is crucial for widespread acceptance and adoption of AutoML as an assessment tool in surgical education.

Transcript

so good evening Alice thank you for inviting me to to share my ideas and the work that we've been doing to use Auto ml as an assessment tool for robotic surgeons I'm not going to talk with my face most of the time I'm going to switch to a set of slider that I prepared for the presentation and we'll start walking through this here you get this start... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: How does AutoML assess the performance of robotic surgeons?

AutoML uses deep learning algorithms and neural networks to analyze videos of surgeons performing procedures, measuring various factors such as movement, instrument steadiness, and efficiency.

Q: What challenges are there in using neural networks to assess surgical performance?

One challenge is the variability in lighting, textures, and tissue appearance in different surgical environments, which can affect the accuracy of the assessment. Additionally, the sequential order of surgical steps may be difficult to capture in short video segments.

Q: Can AutoML be used to assess surgical performance in real-world wet lab settings?

It may be more challenging to use AutoML in wet lab settings due to the greater variability in tissue appearance and behavior. The focus initially is on simulators and dry lab exercises before tackling wet lab assessments.

Q: How does AutoML compare to traditional assessment methods for surgeons?

AutoML offers a more objective and automated approach to assessing surgical performance, which can eliminate the need for human assessors and save time for surgeons. However, there may still be room for improvement in achieving higher accuracy and reducing bias.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • AutoML is being used as an assessment tool for surgical education, specifically for training robotic surgeons.

  • The Da Vinci robot is the most widely used robotic device for surgeries, and a neural network is trained to assess surgeons' performance using videos from simulators.

  • Assessing performance in simulated environments is easier than in real-world wet lab settings, but improvements can be made to the current model.

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