Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) | Study Material for UPSC Prelims & Mains 2022-2023 | Summary and Q&A

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June 17, 2022
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Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) | Study Material for UPSC Prelims & Mains 2022-2023

TL;DR

This content provides an overview of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), including its history, divisions, powers, and challenges it faces.

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Key Insights

  • ☕ The CBI's history dates back to the pre-independence era when it was established as the Special Police Establishment.
  • 🎨 The agency is specifically designed to investigate cases at the central government level that require a separate investigative body.
  • 🍵 The CBI's divisions are specialized in handling cases related to corruption, economic offenses, and special crimes.
  • 🖐️ The concept of general consent and specific consent plays a crucial role in determining the CBI's jurisdiction and investigative powers.
  • 🖤 The CBI's credibility has been questioned due to excessive political interference and lack of independence, as highlighted by the Supreme Court.
  • 😀 The agency faces challenges such as delays in investigations, lack of accountability, shortage of personnel, and loss of credibility.
  • 😥 The CBI director is appointed by a committee comprising the Prime Minister, leader of the opposition, and Chief Justice of India.

Transcript

hello and welcome to baijo's example is i welcome you all to your next session of the knowledge series i hope all of you have been attending all these live classes of the knowledge series that take place every single day at 10 a.m and at 3 p.m make sure that you do subscribe to our youtube channel baiju's ia so that you don't miss out on even one s... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: How was the CBI established?

The CBI was originally set up as the Special Police Establishment in 1941 and was given statutory status under the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act in 1946.

Q: What are the divisions within the CBI?

The CBI consists of the Anti-Corruption Division, Economic Offenses Division, and Special Crimes Division, with each division focusing on different types of cases.

Q: What are the challenges faced by the CBI?

The CBI has faced criticism for excessive political interference, delays in concluding investigations, lack of accountability, shortage of personnel, and a loss of credibility.

Q: How is the CBI director appointed?

The CBI director is appointed by a three-person committee consisting of the Prime Minister, the leader of the opposition in the Lok Sabha, and the Chief Justice of India.

Q: How was the CBI established?

The CBI was originally set up as the Special Police Establishment in 1941 and was given statutory status under the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act in 1946.

More Insights

  • The CBI's history dates back to the pre-independence era when it was established as the Special Police Establishment.

  • The agency is specifically designed to investigate cases at the central government level that require a separate investigative body.

  • The CBI's divisions are specialized in handling cases related to corruption, economic offenses, and special crimes.

  • The concept of general consent and specific consent plays a crucial role in determining the CBI's jurisdiction and investigative powers.

  • The CBI's credibility has been questioned due to excessive political interference and lack of independence, as highlighted by the Supreme Court.

  • The agency faces challenges such as delays in investigations, lack of accountability, shortage of personnel, and loss of credibility.

  • The CBI director is appointed by a committee comprising the Prime Minister, leader of the opposition, and Chief Justice of India.

  • The CBI's jurisdiction is limited to union territories unless authorized by the concerned state government or higher judiciary.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The CBI, established in 1941 as the Special Police Establishment, is the central investigative agency of the Indian government based in Delhi.

  • The agency is divided into three divisions: Anti-Corruption, Economic Offenses, and Special Crimes, each specialized in handling specific types of cases.

  • The CBI's powers are limited to investigation of offenses in union territories, unless authorized by the concerned state government or higher judiciary.

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