C5W3L03 Beam Search  Summary and Q&A
TL;DR
Beam search is an algorithm widely used in machine translation and speech recognition to find the best possible output by considering multiple alternatives, resulting in higher accuracy compared to greedy search.
Key Insights
 😁 Beam search is widely used in machine translation and speech recognition for finding the best output translation or transcript.
 🥺 It considers multiple alternatives at each step, leading to higher accuracy compared to greedy search.
 😁 The beam width parameter determines the number of alternatives considered, affecting both accuracy and computational complexity.
 🔑 Neural network fragments, including an encoder and a decoder, are used to evaluate the probability of each word choice.
Transcript
in this video you learn about the beam search algorithm in the last video you remember how for machine translation given an input French sentence you don't want to output a random English translation you want output the best the most likely English translation the same is also true for speech recognition where given an input audio clip you don't wa... Read More
Questions & Answers
Q: What is the purpose of beam search in machine translation and speech recognition?
The purpose of beam search is to find the best, most likely output translation or transcript by considering multiple alternatives at each step, resulting in higher accuracy compared to other algorithms like greedy search.
Q: How does beam search differ from greedy search in terms of output accuracy?
Greedy search only considers the most likely word choice at each step, which may lead to suboptimal translations or transcripts. Beam search, on the other hand, considers multiple possibilities, resulting in higher accuracy and better quality outputs.
Q: What is the significance of the beam width parameter in beam search?
The beam width parameter determines the number of alternatives that beam search considers at each step. A higher beam width allows for a larger pool of possibilities, increasing the chance of finding the best output. However, it also increases computational complexity.
Q: How does the beam search algorithm evaluate the probability of each word choice?
The algorithm uses neural network fragments, including an encoder and a decoder, to evaluate the probability of each word choice based on the input sentence. By multiplying the probabilities of subsequent word choices, the most likely combinations are determined.
Summary & Key Takeaways

Beam search algorithm is used to find the most likely translation or transcript in machine translation and speech recognition.

It considers multiple alternatives at each step to evaluate the probability of the output.

By using a beam width parameter, the algorithm keeps track of the most likely choices for each word, resulting in more accurate outputs.