BREAKING: New Phase of Matter | Summary and Q&A

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June 15, 2022
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Physics Girl
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BREAKING: New Phase of Matter

TL;DR

Physicists used a quantum computer to create time crystals, a new phase of matter that repeats states back and forth in time.

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Key Insights

  • ⌛ Time crystals are a newly discovered phase of matter that repeat states in both space and time.
  • ⌛ Physicists used a quantum computer to create a time crystal, showcasing the potential of quantum technologies.
  • 🥵 Time crystals challenge the laws of thermodynamics, as they do not absorb energy or heat up the system.
  • 🤗 The discovery of time crystals opens up new possibilities for quantum simulations and advancements in physics research.
  • ⌛ Time crystals could have various applications, from improving quantum computers to exploring fundamental properties of matter.
  • ⌛ The theory and discovery of time crystals occurred in a relatively short time span, showcasing the rapid progress in the field of physics.
  • ⌛ Time crystals break the symmetries of the universe, challenging the notion that physical laws remain the same over time.

Transcript

we're filming a video about um time crystals okay this was like a big discovery in 2021 2012 we came up with a theory for this new phase of matter fast forward to 2021 physicists used one of google's quantum computers to make a time crystal what is that sentence i was looking back through some of the big discoveries in physics that happened last ye... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is a time crystal?

A time crystal is a material that displays repeating states in both space and time, similar to a crystalline structure with a temporal dimension.

Q: How did the concept of time crystals originate?

The theory for time crystals was proposed by physicist Frank Wilczek in 2012 as part of a thought experiment involving symmetries in spatial and temporal dimensions.

Q: What property of particles is crucial for creating time crystals?

Qubits, the quantum bits in a quantum computer, are essential for creating time crystals as they exhibit properties like spin, which can flip between different states.

Q: How did physicists overcome the challenge of creating time crystals?

Using Google's quantum computer, physicists manipulated the qubits to flip between different states, thereby creating a time crystal.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • In 2012, scientist Frank Wilczek proposed the concept of time crystals, materials that exhibit symmetries in both spatial and temporal dimensions.

  • Time crystals are characterized by their ability to repeat states back and forth in time, similar to the way a metronome swings or the water cycle operates.

  • In 2021, physicists used Google's quantum computer to successfully create a time crystal, marking a major breakthrough in understanding this new phase of matter.

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