Biology Human Health & Diseases part 14 (Antibodies & Antigens, B cells , T cells) class 12 XII | Summary and Q&A

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May 31, 2015
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Biology Human Health & Diseases part 14 (Antibodies & Antigens, B cells , T cells) class 12 XII

TL;DR

This video explains the structure and function of antibodies, antigens, B cells, and T cells in the immune system.

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Key Insights

  • 😀 Antibodies are y-shaped protein structures that recognize and neutralize pathogens.
  • 🅰️ Antigens are foreign substances that can cause diseases, and pathogens are a type of antigen.
  • 😃 B cells produce antibodies, while T cells stimulate B cells and other T cells.
  • 💨 B lymphocytes have plasma B cells that produce antibodies and memory B cells that store information about specific antigens for faster response.
  • 😃 T lymphocytes have specialized receptors to recognize fragments of antigens on infected cells.
  • 😃 Helper T cells stimulate B cells and other T cells to perform their functions.
  • ❓ Antibodies and antigens have a specific binding relationship, and each antibody can only bind to a specific antigen.

Transcript

hello friends this video on human health and diseases part 14 is brought to you by exam feel calm no more for your prom exam so now let us try to understand water antibodies and antigens because they are closely related terms and we cannot understand the concept of immune system until and unless we know what an antibodies and antigens so let us fir... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What are antibodies and how do they work?

Antibodies are large protein structures that bind to pathogens and neutralize them, preventing diseases in the body. Each antibody has a specific structure and can only bind to a specific antigen. When an antibody binds to an antigen, it causes changes in the antigen and prevents it from causing diseases.

Q: What are antigens and what are some examples?

Antigens are foreign substances that can attack the body and cause diseases. They can be microorganisms like bacteria or viruses, toxins, chemicals, or even nonliving objects. Examples of antigens include pathogens, toxins, and pollen.

Q: What are B cells and what are their functions?

B cells are a type of lymphocyte that produce antibodies. There are two types of B cells: plasma B cells and memory B cells. Plasma B cells produce antibodies to destroy antigens, while memory B cells store information about specific antigens for faster response in future encounters.

Q: What are T cells and how do they contribute to the immune system?

T cells are a type of lymphocyte that do not produce antibodies but stimulate B cells and other T cells. They have specialized receptors that can recognize fragments of antigens on the surface of infected cells. Helper T cells, in particular, stimulate B cells to produce antibodies and activate other T cells.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Antibodies are large protein structures that bind to pathogens and neutralize them, preventing diseases in the body.

  • Antigens are foreign substances that can attack the body and cause diseases. Pathogens are a type of antigen.

  • B cells produce antibodies, and there are two types of B cells: plasma B cells, which produce antibodies to destroy antigens, and memory B cells, which store information about specific antigens for faster response in future encounters. T cells, on the other hand, stimulate B cells and other T cells to produce antibodies.

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