Biology Cell Part 21 (Plant vs Animal Cell) Class 8 VIII | Summary and Q&A

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August 20, 2015
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Biology Cell Part 21 (Plant vs Animal Cell) Class 8 VIII

TL;DR

This video discusses the differences between plant cells and animal cells, highlighting the presence of cell wall, plastids, vacuoles, and Golgi apparatus in plant cells, which are absent in animal cells.

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Key Insights

  • ⬛ Plant cells are generally larger and have a cell wall, while animal cells lack a cell wall.
  • 🌱 Plastids, especially chloroplasts, are present in plant cells for photosynthesis, but absent in animal cells.
  • 🌱 Plant cells have larger vacuoles compared to animal cells.
  • 🌱 Golgi apparatus and mitochondria are distributed throughout the plant cell, while animal cells have a singular Golgi apparatus and mitochondria.
  • 👻 These differences allow for the distinction between plant and animal cells.

Transcript

hello friends this video on cell part 21 is brought to you by example comm no more for your prom exam so now that we have discussed about the structural function and all the details about cells let us quickly see a comparison between the plant cells and the animal cells so we have discussed all these points but just to summarize so when you look at... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is the main difference between plant cells and animal cells?

The presence of a cell wall is a major difference. Plant cells have a cell wall, providing additional rigidity, while animal cells lack a cell wall.

Q: Which organelle is unique to plant cells and aids in photosynthesis?

Plastids, specifically chloroplasts, are unique to plant cells and are responsible for photosynthesis. Animal cells do not have plastids.

Q: How do vacuoles differ in plant and animal cells?

Plant cells have larger vacuoles that may take up a substantial portion of the cell's volume, while animal cells may lack prominent vacuoles or have smaller ones.

Q: How is the Golgi apparatus distributed in plant and animal cells?

In plant cells, Golgi apparatus and mitochondria are distributed throughout the cell, while in animal cells, there is a single Golgi apparatus and mitochondria.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Plant cells are generally larger than animal cells and have a cell wall outside the cell membrane for additional rigidity.

  • Plastids, such as chloroplasts, are present in plant cells and aid in photosynthesis, while they are absent in animal cells.

  • Plant cells have fewer but larger vacuoles compared to animal cells, which may not have prominent vacuoles.

  • Golgi apparatus and mitochondria are distributed throughout the plant cell, while in animal cells, there is a single Golgi apparatus and mitochondria.

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