Biology Biotechnology Principles part 3 (Why genetic Engineering?) class 12 XII | Summary and Q&A

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June 25, 2015
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LearnoHub - Class 11, 12
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Biology Biotechnology Principles part 3 (Why genetic Engineering?) class 12 XII

TL;DR

Genetic engineering involves mixing and matching of genes through the transfer of DNA sequences between organisms to understand and manipulate unique characteristics.

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Key Insights

  • 🧬 Genetic engineering involves the mixing and matching of genes through the transfer of DNA sequences between organisms.
  • ❓ The differences in DNA sequences contribute to the unique characteristics of organisms.
  • 💱 DNA sequences code for specific proteins, and changes in these sequences can lead to changes in protein synthesis and organism characteristics.
  • 🥺 Human beings share 99% similarities in their DNA sequences, but the 1% difference leads to the variations observed among individuals.
  • 😑 Genetic engineering allows for the expression of desired traits in the population of an organism by manipulating its genes.
  • 😺 Genetic engineering can be used to reduce allergens in cats by transferring genes for less hair.
  • ⚾ DNA contains billions of base pairs, and a 1% difference in DNA sequences is significant due to the large number of base pairs.

Transcript

hello friends this video on biotechnology principles part 3 is brought to you by exam for calm no more fear from exam so now we are going to talk about genetic engineering in more detail so as I say genetic engineering is going to be very interesting because here we talk about mixing and matching of genes now again we come back to the same topic th... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: Why is it important to understand the differences in DNA sequences in organisms?

Understanding the differences in DNA sequences helps us understand how organisms develop their unique characteristics and allows us to manipulate these sequences to produce organisms with desirable traits through genetic engineering.

Q: How do genes and DNA relate to each other?

Genes are groups of sequences for nitrogenous bases in DNA. DNA contains the instructions for producing proteins, which contribute to an organism's characteristics.

Q: Why do all human beings have some common features despite their differences?

Human beings have a 99% similarity in their DNA sequences, which accounts for their common features. However, the 1% difference in DNA sequences leads to variations and unique characteristics among individuals.

Q: Why is genetic engineering important to humans?

Genetic engineering allows humans to extract and insert genes from one organism to another, with the aim of producing organisms with desirable traits. This helps enhance characteristics beneficial to humans, such as reducing allergens in cats.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Genetic engineering is about manipulating genes by transferring DNA sequences between organisms to explore the factors that make organisms different.

  • The unique characteristics of organisms are determined by the sequence of nitrogenous bases in their DNA.

  • Sequences in DNA code for specific proteins, and changes in these sequences can lead to changes in proteins and the characteristics of organisms.

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