Biology Biotechnology Principles part 20 (Foreign gene product, downstream processing) class 12 XII | Summary and Q&A

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July 1, 2015
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Biology Biotechnology Principles part 20 (Foreign gene product, downstream processing) class 12 XII

TL;DR

This video explains the process of inserting recombinant DNA into host cells and the importance of downstream processing for protein purification.

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Key Insights

  • 👻 The insertion of recombinant DNA into host cells can occur through various methods, such as the gene gun method, electroporation, or the micropipette method.
  • 👻 Antibiotic resistance testing can determine if transformation of host cells has taken place.
  • 🖐️ Downstream processing plays a crucial role in purifying and isolating biosynthetic products for their final packaging and sterilization.
  • 🌥️ Bioreactors are used to cultivate large volumes of organisms for the synthesis of desired proteins.
  • 🎮 Different types of bioreactors, such as stirred bioreactors, have various control systems to optimize growth and metabolic activity of the organisms.
  • ❓ Downstream processing involves filtration, sedimentation, and product isolation, purification, polishing, and packaging.
  • 👶 Genetic engineering involves identifying and transferring desired genes to create new products.

Transcript

hello friends this video on biotechnology principles part 20 is brought to you by example.com no more fear from exam so now once that is done the next step is going to be the insertion of the recombinant dna into the host cell because that is going to be kind of the final step where we want the final recombinant dna to enter into the host cell now ... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: How is recombinant DNA inserted into host cells?

Recombinant DNA can be inserted into host cells using techniques like the gene gun method, electroporation, or the micropipette method. These techniques allow the DNA to enter the host cell and potentially transform it.

Q: How is the transformation of host cells determined?

The transformation of host cells can be determined by testing their resistance to antibiotics. If the host cell is resistant to an antibiotic like ampicillin, it indicates that the recombinant DNA has entered and transformed the cell.

Q: What is the purpose of downstream processing?

Downstream processing is crucial for purifying and isolating the desired biosynthetic products. It involves removing unwanted cells or debris, isolating the product from solvents, purifying the product, and ensuring proper packaging and sterilization.

Q: What are some techniques used in downstream processing?

Techniques such as filtration, sedimentation, and centrifugation are used to remove unsoluble particles. Product isolation, purification, and polishing are also done to obtain a pure and stable final product.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The video discusses various techniques for inserting recombinant DNA into host cells, such as the gene gun method, electroporation, and the micropipette method.

  • Transformation of host cells can occur if the recombinant DNA is successfully taken up by the cell.

  • The video also explains the concept of downstream processing, which involves the purification and isolation of biosynthetic products.

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