Biology Biotechnology Applications part 6 (Biotechnology in Medicine) class 12 XII | Summary and Q&A

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July 3, 2015
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Biology Biotechnology Applications part 6 (Biotechnology in Medicine) class 12 XII

TL;DR

Biotechnology in medicine includes the production of genetically engineered insulin and the use of gene therapy and molecular diagnosis for disease treatment.

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Key Insights

  • 😷 Biotechnology plays a crucial role in the medical field by producing genetically engineered insulin for diabetes treatment.
  • ❓ Gene therapy offers potential solutions for various diseases by manipulating genes to correct genetic defects.
  • 🥺 Molecular diagnosis enables early detection of diseases, leading to timely intervention and better patient outcomes.
  • 🪡 Using genetic engineering techniques, insulin can be produced from bacteria, eliminating the need for animal insulin.
  • ✳️ Genetically engineered insulin offers advantages such as increased availability, cost-effectiveness, and reduced risk of adverse reactions.
  • ⚾ Biotechnology provides opportunities for the development of personalized medicine based on an individual's genetic profile.
  • 🥹 Gene therapy holds promise for the treatment of cancer, genetic disorders, and autoimmune diseases.

Transcript

Hello friends this video on applications of biotechnology part six is brought to you by exam.com no more fear from exam so with this we discussed about biotechnology in agriculture now let us look at the role of biotechnology in the field of medicine so now we will look at the application of biotechnology in medicine now some of the few things whic... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is the role of insulin in diabetes treatment?

Insulin is essential for treating diabetes as it helps to regulate glucose levels in the blood. It is used to replace the lack of insulin in diabetic patients.

Q: Why is genetically engineered insulin preferred over insulin obtained from animals?

Genetically engineered insulin is preferred because it eliminates the risks of adverse reactions and allergic responses that can occur when using insulin from animals. It is also easier and less expensive to produce insulin using genetic engineering techniques.

Q: How does gene therapy work in treating diseases?

Gene therapy involves introducing specific genes into a patient's cells to correct genetic disorders or boost the immune system's ability to fight diseases. It has the potential to treat a variety of diseases, including cancer, inherited disorders, and autoimmune conditions.

Q: What is molecular diagnosis?

Molecular diagnosis is a technique used to detect diseases at an early stage by analyzing DNA, RNA, or other molecules in the body. It allows for more accurate and timely diagnosis, leading to better treatment outcomes.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Biotechnology in medicine involves the production of genetically engineered insulin, which is used to treat diabetes.

  • Gene therapy is a useful application of biotechnology for the treatment of various diseases.

  • Biotechnology also plays a role in molecular diagnosis, enabling early detection of diseases.

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