Bioethics | Biotechnology | Transgenic Organisms | GMO | Cloning | Don't Memorise | Summary and Q&A

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April 3, 2020
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Bioethics | Biotechnology | Transgenic Organisms | GMO | Cloning | Don't Memorise

TL;DR

Bioethics plays a crucial role in addressing ethical concerns in biotechnology, such as the production of transgenic organisms and cloning.

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Key Insights

  • ๐Ÿ–๏ธ Bioethics plays a crucial role in addressing ethical concerns raised by biotechnology.
  • ๐Ÿคจ The production of transgenic organisms has potential benefits but also raises ethical issues due to hidden risks, unknown long-term side effects, and genetic composition disturbance.
  • ๐ŸŒธ Cloning presents serious concerns, including overpopulation, depletion of resources, and a loss of genetic variation.
  • ๐Ÿคจ Regulatory bodies exist to oversee biotechnology activities, but there is no fixed solution to the ethical concerns raised.

Transcript

Imagine a couple blessed with twin babies who are conjoint. Now if they are to be separated, then one of them is sure to lose life. But raising the conjoined twins is not only difficult for the parents, but even for the kids themselves! So what should be done in this case? These questions give us goosebumps! But they are always a part of the medica... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is bioethics and how does it relate to biotechnology?

Bioethics is the area that deals with ethical issues in medicine and biology. In biotechnology, bioethics helps guide decisions concerning topics such as transgenic organisms and cloning, ensuring that ethical concerns are addressed.

Q: Why are transgenic organisms an ethical concern?

Transgenic organisms raise ethical concerns because their production may involve disturbing the natural genome of those organisms. There are potential hidden risks, unknown long-term side effects, and the impact on the genetic composition of wild varieties to consider.

Q: What are some potential benefits of transgenic organisms?

Transgenic organisms can have desirable qualities, such as the Golden rice variety, which contains beta-carotene, a precursor of Vitamin A. This variety can help areas suffering from Vitamin A deficiency.

Q: What are some concerns associated with cloning?

Cloning, including human cloning, raises concerns such as overpopulation, increased diseases, exhaustion of resources, and a loss of genetic variation. It interferes with the balance of nature and can lead to the utilization of the same gene pool constantly.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Bioethics helps in addressing difficult ethical questions in the medical and biological field, such as how to separate conjoined twins or whether it is morally correct to produce transgenic organisms.

  • Transgenic animal models, like transgenic mice, are developed to study genetic disorders, but their production raises ethical concerns due to potential hidden risks and long-term side effects.

  • Cloning in biotechnology, including human cloning, presents serious concerns such as overpopulation, depletion of resources, and loss of genetic variation.

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