Asset Allocation | Summary and Q&A

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October 26, 2018
by
Ben Felix
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Asset Allocation

TL;DR

Asset allocation is crucial in investing and involves determining the optimal mix of various asset classes such as stocks, bonds, real estate investment trusts, and alternatives to achieve a balanced and diversified portfolio.

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Key Insights

  • 📼 Asset allocation is a crucial aspect of investing as it determines the mix of asset classes in a portfolio and plays a significant role in achieving a balanced and diversified investment strategy.
  • ✳️ The CAPM helps investors understand the relationship between risk and expected returns, with market beta being a priced risk.
  • ↩️ Diversifying globally can enhance risk and return characteristics in a portfolio by including stocks from different markets.
  • 🚕 Many model portfolios have a bias toward Canadian stocks due to favorable tax treatment.
  • 🪜 Bonds are less risky than stocks and are primarily added to a portfolio to reduce its riskiness, not to increase expected returns.
  • 🧑‍🏭 Real estate investment trusts (REITs) have returns explained by market beta, size, value, term, and credit factors, making their allocation in a portfolio potentially unnecessary if the portfolio already has exposure to these factors.
  • 🧑‍🏭 Investing in factors such as market beta, size, value, and profitability can enhance portfolio returns and reduce risk.

Transcript

There are few things that we can  control when it comes to investing;   asset allocation is one of them,  and it may be the most important. Asset allocation is the exercise of determining  how much of each asset class you should hold in   your portfolio. In general, the asset classes  that we have to choose from are stocks, bonds,   real estate inv... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: Why is asset allocation considered one of the most important aspects of investing?

Asset allocation is crucial because it determines the mix of various asset classes in a portfolio, which plays a significant role in achieving a balanced and diversified investment strategy.

Q: What is the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), and how does it relate to asset allocation?

The CAPM is a model that quantifies the relationship between risk and expected returns by looking at a portfolio's exposure to market beta. It helps investors understand how much risk they are taking on and what returns they can expect based on their asset allocation choices.

Q: Why is diversifying globally important in asset allocation?

Global diversification is important because combining stocks from different markets can improve risk and return characteristics in a portfolio. Different markets have imperfect correlations, and by including stocks from various regions, investors can reduce risk and potentially enhance returns.

Q: Why do many model portfolios have a heavy bias toward Canadian stocks?

Many model portfolios, including those offered by PWL Capital, Wealthsimple, Vanguard, and the Canadian Couch Potato, have a heavy bias toward Canadian stocks primarily because of tax treatment. Canadian stocks have favorable tax treatment compared to foreign stocks, making them more attractive for Canadian investors.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Asset allocation is the process of deciding how much of each asset class to hold in a portfolio, and it is one of the few things investors can control.

  • The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) quantifies the relationship between risk and expected returns by considering a portfolio's exposure to market beta.

  • Diversifying globally by including stocks from different markets can improve risk and return characteristics in a portfolio.

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