Are You Rational? #1 Are You Motivated? | Philosophy Tube | Summary and Q&A

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January 12, 2018
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Are You Rational? #1 Are You Motivated? | Philosophy Tube

TL;DR

This video delves into the concepts of rationality and irrationality, discussing how reasons, motivations, and internal and external factors influence decision-making.

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Key Insights

  • ❓ Rationality often involves considering evidence and reasoning, but it can also be influenced by motivations and desires.
  • 🍧 Reasons internalism suggests that motivations are necessary for having reasons, while reasons externalism claims that rational decisions can be made irrespective of motivations.
  • ❓ Objective reason can provide a valuable framework for decision-making, considering societal values and objectives.
  • 👮 Reasons internalism and externalism have implications in various fields, including law enforcement, morality, and artificial intelligence.
  • ❓ The distinction between subjective and objective reason highlights the complexities of decision-making and the influence of motivations.
  • 🥺 The subjective nature of reason can lead to ethical questions and challenges in decision-making.
  • 🙈 Rationality is often seen as a virtue, but its definition can be subjective and influenced by personal motivations.

Transcript

there are all sorts of ways people use the words rational and irrational we might say that something is rational when what we mean is we think there's evidence supporting it we might say that somebody is irrational when what we mean is we don't think that they're very clever and even apart from what we mean when we say them there's all sorts of thi... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is the difference between rationality and irrationality?

Rationality often implies evidence-based decisions, while irrationality refers to decisions that are not based on logical reasoning or evidence.

Q: How do reasons and motivations influence decision-making?

Reasons and motivations play a significant role in decision-making, as individuals are more inclined to act upon motivations that align with their desires and values.

Q: Can rational decisions lead to negative outcomes?

Yes, rational decisions can still result in negative outcomes if the motivations or desires behind them are misguided or unethical.

Q: How does subjective reason differ from objective reason?

Subjective reason refers to decision-making based on individual motivations and desires, while objective reason involves considering broader societal values and principles.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Reasons always relate to something else and are never standalone; they often involve evidence and motivations.

  • Reasons internalism suggests that motivation is a necessary condition for having a reason to do something.

  • Reasons externalism argues that it can be rational to do something even if there is no motivation or desire to do it.

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