7. Spinal cord development and anatomy, part 1 | Summary and Q&A

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October 4, 2023
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MIT OpenCourseWare
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7. Spinal cord development and anatomy, part 1

TL;DR

This content discusses the process of neural tube formation and cell migration in embryonic development of the central nervous system.

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Key Insights

  • ๐Ÿ˜Ÿ The notochord plays a crucial role in inducing the formation of the nervous system during embryonic development.
  • ๐Ÿงช Cell division in neural tube development can occur symmetrically (producing two similar stem cells) or asymmetrically (yielding one stem cell and one postotic cell).
  • ๐Ÿ˜Ÿ Cell migration in the embryonic central nervous system can happen through nuclear translocation or by cells using other cells as a substrate.

Transcript

the following content is provided under a Creative Commons license your support will help MIT open courseware continue to offer highquality educational resources for free to make a donation or view additional materials from hundreds of MIT courses visit MIT open courseware at ocw.mit.edu I wanted to say a few things about the end of what was meant ... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: What is the role of the notochord in embryonic development?

The notochord is involved in inducing the formation of the nervous system and serves as a ventralizing influence on the neural tube.

Q: What are the two major types of cell division in the central nervous system development?

The two types of cell division are symmetric and asymmetric. Symmetric division leads to the formation of two similar stem cells, while asymmetric division results in one stem cell and one postotic cell with a different fate.

Q: How does cell migration occur in the embryonic central nervous system?

Cell migration can happen through nuclear translocation, where the nucleus of a cell moves away from the ventricle without returning. It can also occur by cells using other cells as a substrate for movement.

Q: What did the discovery of different cell migration modes in embryonic development show?

The discovery of nuclear translocation and substrate-based cell migration demonstrated that there are at least two distinct types of cell migration in the embryonic central nervous system.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The content examines the role of the notochord in inducing the formation of the nervous system and the development of the neural tube.

  • It discusses the different types of cell division (symmetric and asymmetric) and their impact on the development of the nervous system.

  • The content also explores the two main modes of cell migration in the embryonic central nervous system.

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