How to Get the Most Out of Studying: Part 3 of 5, "Cognitive Principles for Optimizing Learning" | Summary and Q&A

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August 16, 2011
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Samford University
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How to Get the Most Out of Studying: Part 3 of 5, "Cognitive Principles for Optimizing Learning"

TL;DR

This video explains the basic principles of deep processing and how students can apply them to improve their study effectiveness.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What is the difference between shallow learning strategies and deep processing?

Shallow learning strategies, such as memorization, focus on superficial aspects of the material, while deep processing involves making meaningful associations, understanding key differences, and relating information to personal experiences.

Q: How can students achieve deep processing while studying?

Students can achieve deep processing by utilizing principles such as elaboration (making meaningful associations), distinctiveness (clearly contrasting concepts), and appropriate retrieval and application of information, such as solving real-world problems or analyzing hypothetical situations.

Q: Why is automaticity important in effective studying?

Automaticity refers to highly practiced skills that can be performed without conscious thought or effort. Developing automatic study skills is crucial in college, as it involves overcoming high school skills that are automatic and overlearned.

Q: What is overlearning, and why is it beneficial?

Overlearning involves studying material until it can be recalled quickly and easily. It helps prevent forgetting and makes recall fast and easy. Overlearning critical information is particularly useful for complex learning situations in the future.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Deep processing is essential for effective studying, as shallow learning strategies focused on memorization are ineffective.

  • To achieve deep processing, students should utilize principles such as elaboration, distinctiveness, and appropriate retrieval and application of information.

  • Automaticity and overlearning are important concepts to understand, as developing effective study skills requires overcoming automatic high school skills and practicing material until it can be recalled quickly and easily.

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