Conventional current | Summary and Q&A

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June 17, 2016
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Conventional current

TL;DR

Current is the movement of electrons in a wire, while voltage is the force that drives this movement.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What is the difference between electron current and conventional current?

Electron current refers to the actual movement of electrons in a wire, while conventional current is the direction that positive charges would move. Electron current is a more accurate description, but conventional current is the standard convention used in circuit analysis.

Q: How does a battery create voltage in a circuit?

A battery creates voltage by pumping out energetic electrons, which then flow through the circuit. The battery acts as a source of potential energy for the electrons, causing them to move from the negative terminal to the positive terminal.

Q: What is the significance of the plus and minus signs on a battery?

The plus and minus signs on a battery indicate the polarity of the terminals. The plus side represents the positive terminal, where electrons flow out of the battery, while the minus side represents the negative terminal, where electrons flow back into the battery.

Q: Why is conventional current used as the standard convention?

Conventional current is used as the standard convention because it simplifies circuit analysis and aligns with historical conventions. By considering the direction that positive charges would move, it allows for consistent understanding and mathematical calculations.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Current is the flow of electrons in a wire, and it can be described as electron current or conventional current.

  • Electron current refers to the actual movement of negatively charged electrons, while conventional current is the direction that positive charges would move.

  • Voltage is the driving force that causes electrons to move in a circuit, and it is created by sources such as batteries.

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