Why My Computer Wants to Forget (How Dynamic Memory Works) - Computerphile | Summary and Q&A

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March 18, 2020
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Why My Computer Wants to Forget (How Dynamic Memory Works) - Computerphile

TL;DR

Computer memory can be stored using transistors and capacitors, with dynamic RAM allowing for more storage capacity but requiring constant refreshing.

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Questions & Answers

Q: How does static RAM (SRAM) store information?

SRAM uses four transistors per bit to store a single bit of information. By arranging these circuits in a grid, each bit can be addressed individually.

Q: How does dynamic RAM (DRAM) differ from SRAM?

DRAM uses one transistor and one capacitor per bit to store information. However, DRAM requires constant refreshing to prevent data loss, unlike SRAM which retains information even when the power is turned off.

Q: What is the advantage of using DRAM over SRAM?

DRAM allows for greater storage capacity as it requires fewer transistors per bit compared to SRAM. This makes it more space-efficient and cost-effective for large-scale memory applications.

Q: How does refreshing work in dynamic RAM?

Refreshing in DRAM involves reading and rewriting the stored information every 64 milliseconds to prevent data loss. This is done through sense amplifiers and buffering circuits to maintain the data integrity.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Computer memory can store information using electronic circuits, with each circuit containing multiple transistors and capacitors.

  • Static RAM (SRAM) stores a single bit of information using four transistors per bit, while dynamic RAM (DRAM) uses one transistor and one capacitor per bit.

  • DRAM requires constant refreshing to maintain the stored information, but it allows for more storage capacity compared to SRAM.

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