Effective Altruism | Adriano Mannino | Talks at Google | Summary and Q&A

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August 25, 2017
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Effective Altruism | Adriano Mannino | Talks at Google

TL;DR

Effective altruism is a movement that applies reason and evidence-based approaches to address global issues and maximize the impact of philanthropy.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What is effective altruism?

Effective altruism is a practical philosophy and social movement that uses empirical evidence and reason to determine the most effective ways to benefit others in global society.

Q: Why should we be altruistic?

Altruism is important because it allows us to help others in situations of moral catastrophe and shows that we care about the welfare of not just ourselves, but a greater number of people.

Q: What is the role of numbers in effective altruism?

Effective altruism emphasizes not only helping others but also maximizing the number of people helped. It recognizes the importance of saving as many lives as possible by making informed choices about where to donate time and money.

Q: What is hits-based philanthropy?

Hits-based philanthropy is a concept in effective altruism that focuses on pursuing interventions with low success probabilities but high stakes. By doing so, even if the outcome is unlikely, the potential impact can be significant.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Effective altruism combines empirical evidence and reason to determine the most effective ways to benefit others in society.

  • Altruism means being oriented towards helping others, while effectiveness refers to achieving goals optimally.

  • Two thought experiments, the firefighter dilemma and the drowning child scenario, highlight the importance of altruism and the significance of helping as many people as possible.

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