Exploring the Changing Dynamics of Gender Identity and Youth Culture in Brazil


Hatched by Thati

Feb 11, 2024

4 min read


Exploring the Changing Dynamics of Gender Identity and Youth Culture in Brazil


In recent years, Brazil has witnessed significant shifts in both gender identity and youth culture. From an increase in the number of people seeking to change their gender on official records to a growing interest in understanding the spatial dimensions of youth experiences, these trends reflect the evolving social landscape of the country. This article aims to shed light on these interconnected topics, highlighting the record-breaking number of gender identity changes and the geographical approaches to studying youth culture in Brazil.

Gender Identity Changes in Brazil:

After experiencing a decline in 2020, the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, with only 1,283 individuals changing their gender on their civil registration, Brazil has seen a steady increase in the following years. In 2021, 1,863 people opted for this legal recourse, and the number surged to 3,165 in 2022. Notably, in 2023, Brazil set a new record for the highest number of people seeking to change their gender on official records, reflecting a growing acceptance and recognition of diverse gender identities within society.

Understanding Youth Culture through a Geographical Lens:

Parallel to the changing dynamics of gender identity, researchers have also been exploring the various dimensions of youth culture through a geographical perspective. Geographical approaches help uncover the social, economic, and cultural factors that shape young people's experiences in both urban and non-metropolitan contexts. By studying the intersections between youth, city, and territory, scholars aim to gain insights into the diverse ways in which young individuals navigate their surroundings and the challenges they face.

Key Insights from Geographical Studies on Youth Culture:

Several studies have contributed to our understanding of youth culture within Brazilian society. For instance, the work of Cardoso and Turra Neto highlights the importance of considering different socio-spatial contexts when studying youth. They emphasize that young people's experiences can vary significantly between metropolitan areas and non-metropolitan regions, necessitating nuanced analyses to capture the diversity within the youth population.

Carrano's research focuses on the role of schools and cities in shaping youth culture. He argues that schools and cities act as spaces where young individuals encounter various diversities, inequalities, and challenges to social cohesion. By examining the interplay between education, geography, and youth, Carrano sheds light on the complex dynamics that influence young people's lives.

Gamlaho's work delves into the experiences of youth in the periphery of cities. By examining the geographies of youth in these contexts, Gamlaho reveals the unique challenges and opportunities faced by young individuals living on the outskirts of urban areas. This research helps highlight the importance of considering the spatial dimension when studying youth culture in Brazil.

Actionable Advice for Understanding and Supporting Youth in Brazil:

  • 1. Foster Inclusive Spaces: To support young individuals in Brazil, it is crucial to create inclusive spaces that respect and celebrate diverse gender identities. Educational institutions, community centers, and public spaces should be designed to accommodate the needs and aspirations of all youth, irrespective of their gender identity.
  • 2. Invest in Research: Continued research on youth culture, with a specific focus on geographical approaches, can provide valuable insights into the challenges and opportunities faced by young individuals in Brazil. By investing in research, policymakers and educators can make informed decisions and develop targeted interventions to address the specific needs of youth.
  • 3. Promote Dialogue and Understanding: Open and honest conversations about gender identity, youth culture, and societal norms are essential for fostering greater understanding and acceptance. By promoting dialogue, society can move towards a more inclusive and supportive environment for all young individuals.


The increasing number of gender identity changes in Brazil and the geographical approaches to studying youth culture reflect the evolving social fabric of the country. By acknowledging and supporting diverse gender identities and understanding the spatial dimensions of youth experiences, Brazil can create a more inclusive and empowering environment for its young population. By fostering inclusive spaces, investing in research, and promoting dialogue and understanding, Brazil can ensure that its youth feel seen, heard, and supported in their journey of self-discovery and development.

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