Exploring the Intersection of Youth and Parenthood in Brazilian Society


Hatched by Thati

Feb 06, 2024

3 min read


Exploring the Intersection of Youth and Parenthood in Brazilian Society


In Brazilian society, the concepts of youth and parenthood are intertwined in complex ways. Geographical approaches shed light on the diverse experiences of young people in different socio-spatial contexts. At the same time, the notion of plural fatherhood challenges traditional gender roles and highlights the importance of gender equity. This article will delve into these topics, exploring the geographies of youth and the evolving dynamics of parenthood in Brazil.

Geographies of Youth:

The study of youth in geography provides insights into how young people experience and navigate their surroundings. It encompasses the relationship between youth, cities, and territories, offering glimpses into the diverse ways in which youth engage with their urban or non-metropolitan realities. From the challenges of diversity and inequalities in schools and cities to the sociability and political dimensions of youth, geography offers a multidimensional understanding of youth experiences.

Plural Fatherhood:

Brazilian society has witnessed a shift in family dynamics, with an increasing number of single-parent households headed by women. However, societal perceptions still expect men to be the primary financial providers for their children. This expectation is now being challenged as men strive for a less toxic and more present and affectionate form of fatherhood. The pursuit of gender equity has led to maternal complaints about physical and mental burdens, while men express a desire to be more involved in parenting.

Challenges and Perceptions:

Despite the changing dynamics of parenthood, there are still obstacles to achieving gender equity in caregiving. Some common reasons why fathers refuse parental leave benefits include fear of job loss or being replaced, as well as deep-rooted societal norms that place the responsibility of childcare solely on women. The majority of the population agrees that mothers are more burdened with the physical and mental aspects of raising children. This normalization of unequal gender roles perpetuates the mental overload experienced by women.

Absence of Fatherhood:

The absence of fatherhood is a significant issue in Brazil, with around 5.5 million children lacking their father's registered name. LGBTQIA+ individuals and those with lower levels of education tend to experience greater paternal absence. This absence has detrimental effects on children's lives, and nearly 500 children are registered every day without their father's name. However, there is a growing recognition that same-sex couples, including those formed by two men, are equally capable of providing care for their children.

Challenging Masculinity:

Traditional masculinity, associated with strength and virility, can often be fragile. Men face higher rates of violence, addiction, and premature death compared to women, resulting in a six-year shorter life expectancy. However, societal attitudes are shifting, with the majority agreeing that same-sex couples, regardless of gender, can care for children as well as heterosexual couples. This acceptance is particularly prominent among women and those with modern or progressive views.

The Rise of Trans Parenthood:

In recent years, there has been an emergence of stories highlighting transgender men who become pregnant, often within relationships with transgender women who serve as the mothers of these children. This phenomenon challenges traditional notions of gender and parenthood, showcasing the complexities of modern family dynamics.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Promote gender equity in caregiving responsibilities by encouraging fathers to take parental leave and actively participate in childcare.
  • 2. Support initiatives that challenge societal norms and stereotypes surrounding masculinity, encouraging men to embrace a more nurturing and involved form of fatherhood.
  • 3. Advocate for policies that recognize and protect the rights of LGBTQIA+ parents, ensuring equal opportunities and support for all families.


The intersection of youth and parenthood in Brazilian society reveals the complexities and evolving dynamics of family life. Geographical approaches shed light on the diverse experiences of young people in different contexts, while the concept of plural fatherhood challenges traditional gender roles. As society progresses towards greater gender equity and acceptance of diverse family structures, it is essential to support initiatives that promote involved fatherhood and recognize the rights of all parents, regardless of gender or sexual orientation.

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